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Title: Reestablishment of Protium cordatum (Burseraceae) based on integrative taxonomy
Authors: Damasco, Gabriel
Daly, Douglas Charles
Vicentini, Alberto
Van Antwerp Fine, Paul
Keywords: Angiosperm
Identification Key
Infrared Spectroscopy
Near Infrared
Species Complex
Type Specimen
Atlantic Forest
Protium Heptaphyllum
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Taxon
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 68, Número 1, Pags. 34-46
Abstract: Species delimitation remains a challenge worldwide, but especially in biodiversity hotspots such as the Amazon. Here, we use an integrative taxonomic approach that combines data from morphology, phylogenomics, and leaf spectroscopy to clarify the species limits within the Protium heptaphyllum species complex, which includes subsp. cordatum, subsp. heptaphyllum, and subsp. ulei. Molecular phylogeny indicates that populations of subsp. cordatum do not belong to the P. heptaphyllum clade, while morphology and near-infrared spectroscopy data provide additional support for the recognition of a separate taxon. Protium cordatum (Burseraceae) is reinstated at species rank and described in detail. As circumscribed here, P. cordatum is endemic to white-sand savannas located in the Faro and Tucuruí Districts, Pará State, Brazil, whereas P. heptaphyllum is a dominant and widespread plant lineage found in Amazonia, the Cerrado, and the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. We present an identification key to P. cordatum and closely related lineages and a detailed taxonomic description of P. cordatum, including habitat and distribution, a list and images of diagnostic features. This study demonstrates the importance of using multiple tools to characterize and distinguish plant species in highly diverse tropical regions. © 2019 International Association for Plant Taxonomy.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1002/tax.12022
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