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Title: Using river color to predict Amazonian floodplain forest avifaunas in the world's largest blackwater river basin
Authors: Laranjeiras, Thiago Orsi
Naka, Luciano Nicol?s
Cohn-Haft, Mario
Keywords: Avifauna
Community Dynamics
Floodplain Forest
Geographical Variation
River Basin
Species Richness
Rio Negro [argentina]
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biotropica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 51, Número 3, Pags. 330-341
Abstract: Despite the importance of rivers in Amazonian biogeography, avian distribution patterns in river-created habitats (i.e., floodplain forests) have been sparsely addressed. Here, we explore geographic variation in floodplain forest avifaunas, specifically regarding one of the most striking aspects of the Amazon: the diversity of river “colors” (i.e., types, based on the color of the water). We sampled the avifauna at 30 sites, located in 17 different rivers (nine black- and eight whitewater), in the Rio Negro basin, northwestern Brazil. Our sampling comprised ten 15-min point-counts per site, distributed every 500–1000 m along the river. We recorded a total of 352 bird species, many of which occurred in both river types. Although bird species richness was similar among rivers, we found significant differences in species composition. Nearly 14 percent of the species were significantly associated with one or the other river type. Most floodplain forest specialists occurred predominantly in whitewater rivers, whereas species that are typically associated with white-sand habitats occurred in blackwater. Despite significant distinctions between river types, occurrence patterns and levels of habitat association differed among indicator species and may vary in the same species throughout its global distribution. There were also “intermediate” avifauna in some of our sites, suggesting that continuous parameters characterizing river types structure species turnover. The water color-based classification of Amazonian rivers represents a simple and powerful predictor of the floodplain forest avifauna, offering a stimulating starting point for understanding patterns of floodplain bird distributions and for prioritizing conservation efforts in these overlooked habitats. Abstract in Portuguese is available with online material. © 2019 The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/btp.12650
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