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Title: Challenges for sustainable development in Brazilian Amazonia
Authors: Fearnside, Philip Martin
Keywords: Decision Making
Ecosystem Service
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Legislation
Environmental Politics
Resource Use
Sustainable Development
Issue Date: 2018
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Sustainable Development
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 26, Número 2, Pags. 141-149
Abstract: Most economic initiatives and infrastructure projects in Brazilian Amazonia have social benefits that are small and ephemeral, while their socioenvironmental impacts are severe. More sustainable forms of development are inhibited by barriers such as a decision-making system with heavy influence (including corruption) from actors with interests in nonsustainable activities. These interests have driven a recent surge of legislative threats to environmental licensing. Better alternatives exist for many destructive forms of “development” projects. Examples include transport using rivers (rather than building highways) and electricity generation from Brazil's vast solar and wind resources (rather than hydroelectric dams). Traditional rural populations could receive support from programs that tap the value of the Amazon forest's environmental services, but institutional mechanisms are in their infancy, among challenges that include differing political interests of countries providing environmental services and those that might pay for them, lack of data and a “theoretical battlefield” regarding accounting for benefits. Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1002/sd.1725
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