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Title: Multiple blood meals in Anopheles darlingi (Diptera: Culicidae)
Authors: Oliveira, Caroline Dantas de
Tadei, Wanderli Pedro
Abdalla, Fábio Camargo
Pimenta, Paulo Filemon Paolucci
Marinotti, Osvaldo
Keywords: Animals
Disease Carrier
Feeding Behavior
Feeding Behavior
Insect Vectors
Anopheles Darlingi
Plasmodium Sp.
Issue Date: 2012
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Vector Ecology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 37, Número 2, Pags. 351-358
Abstract: Anopheles darlingi is an important vector of human malaria in the Amazon. Adult females of this mosquito species require a blood meal to develop eggs, preferring humans to other blood sources. Although gonotrophic concordance has been described as the norm for An. darlingi, here we report An. darlingi female mosquitoes taking two or more blood meals within their first gonotrophic cycle. Only half of field-captured adult females fed one blood meal developed follicles to Christophers' stage V. This outcome is dependent on larval nutrition, as 88% of laboratory-raised well-nourished females completed the first gonotrophic cycle with only one blood meal, while less nourished females needed additional blood meals. Half of the field-captured blood-seeking An. darlingi females had follicles in intermediate (IIIa and IIIb) and final (V) stages of the gonotrophic cycle, supporting the conclusion that An. darlingi blood feed more than once during a gonotrophic cycle. Additionally, we observed females attempting to blood feed a second time during the same day. Additional studies of An. darlingi biting behavior are necessary to accurately estimate Plasmodium sp. entomologic inoculation rates throughout the An. darlingi vast geographical distribution. © 2012 The Society for Vector Ecology.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/j.1948-7134.2012.00238.x
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