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Title: Molecular marker-mediated validation of morphologically defined landraces of Pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes) and their phylogenetic relationships
Authors: Doriane, Picanço Rodrigues
Filho, Spartaco Astolfi
Clement, Charles Roland
Keywords: Crop Plant
Genetic Marker
Genetic Structure
Genetic Variation
Central America
South America
Western Hemisphere
Bactris Gasipaes
Issue Date: 2005
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 51, Número 8, Pags. 871-882
Abstract: RAPD markers were used to evaluate the genetic variability and structure of seven morphologically defined landraces of pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes Kunth, Palmae) to determine their validity and phylogenetic relationships. Two hundred and twenty plants of four Amazonian and three Central American landraces of var. gasipaes (the domesticate) and 30 plants of var. chichagui (H. Karsten) Henderson (the crop ancestor) maintained at the National Research Institute for Amazonia, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, were utilized. Eight RAPD primers yielded 113 markers, with good reproducibility, of which 97 were polymorphic. The four Amazonian landraces had an average heterozygosity of 0.30, with 86% polymorphism, greater than the Central American landraces (0.25; 74.3%) and var. chichagui (0.27; 80%). Among landrace genetic diversity (GST) was 15%, while within (Hs) was 85%, essentially equivalent to the AMOVA within (82.2%) and among (17.8%) variances. The Jaccard similarities, PCA, gene flow coefficients and Exact tests suggested that only one landrace exists in Central America, called Utilis after the first taxon described there, and that the Solimões landrace is part of the Putumayo landrace, rather than a separate entity. The Pará and Pampa Hermosa landraces were validated in accordance with their morphometric interpretations. The dendrogram of Nei's genetic distances among valid landraces and var. chichagui supported the hypothesis of a single origin for pejibaye in southwestern Amazonia, with two migration routes: one to the northeast, becoming the Para landrace, and another to the northwest along the Andes, spreading into western Amazonia (Pampa Hermosa and Putumayo landraces) and across the Andes, reaching Central America (Utilis landrace). © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10722-005-0774-2
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