Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Marked differences in butterfly assemblage composition between forest types in central Amazonia, Brazil
Authors: Oliveira, Isabela Freitas
Baccaro, Fabricio Beggiato
Werneck, Fernanda de Pinho
Zacca, Thamara
Haugaasen, Torbjørn
Keywords: Butterflies
Floodplain forest
Indicator species
Species composition
Issue Date: 2021
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Forests
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 12, Número 12
Abstract: Amazonia comprises a mosaic of contrasting habitats, with wide environmental heterogeneity at local and regional scales. In central Amazonia, upland forest (terra firme) is the predominant forest type and seasonally flooded forests inundated by white-and black-water rivers (várzea and igapó, respectively) represent around 20% of the forested areas. In this work, we took advantage of a natural spatial arrangement of the main vegetation types in central Amazonia to investigate butterfly assemblage structure in terra firme, várzea and igapó forests at the local scale. We sampled in the low-and high-water seasons, combining active and passive sampling with traps placed in both the understory and canopy. Terra firme supported the highest number of butterfly species, whereas várzea forest provided the highest number of butterfly captures. The high species richness in terra firme may reflect that this forest type is floristically richer than várzea and igapó. Várzea is a very productive environment and may thus support a higher number of butterfly individuals than terra firme and igapó. Most butterfly species (80.2%) were unique to a single forest type and 17 can be considered forest type indicator species in this landscape. Floodplain forest environments are therefore an important complement to terra firme in terms of butterfly species richness and conservation in Amazonia. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3390/f12070942
Appears in Collections:Artigos

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
Marked.pdf1,9 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons