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Título: An evaluation of the use of reptile dermal scutes as a non-invasive method to monitor mercury concentrations in the environment
Autor(es): Larissa Schneider
Sam Eggins
William Maher
Richard Carl Vogt
Frank Krikowa
Les Kinsley
Stephen M. Eggins
Ronis da Silveira
Assunto: keratin
growth rings
ISSN: 0045-6535
Revista: Chemosphere (Oxford)
Volume: 119
Resumo: Reptiles are ideal organisms for the non-invasive monitoring of mercury (Hg) contamination. We have investigated Hg bioaccumulation in tissue layers of reptile dermis as a basis for establishing a standardized collection method for Hg analysis. Tissue samples from freshwater turtle species Podocnemis unifilis and Podocnemis expanse and caiman species Melanosuchus niger and Caiman crocodilus, all from the Amazonian region, were analysed in this study. We first tested the relationships between Hg concentrations in keratin and bone to Hg concentrations in muscle to determine the best predictor of Hg concentration in muscle tissue. We then investigated the potential for measuring Hg concentrations across turtle carapace growth rings as an indicator of longer term changes in Hg concentration in the environment. Hg concentrations were significantly lower in bone (120 ng g(-1) caimans and 1 ng g(-1) turtles) than keratin (3600 ng g(-1) caimans and 2200 ng g(-1) turtles). Keratin was found to be a better predictor of exposure to Hg than muscle and bone tissues for both turtles and caimans and also to be a reliable non-invasive tissue for Hg analysis in turtles. Measurement of Hg in carapace growth rings has significant potential for estimating Hg bioaccumulation by turtles over time, but full quantification awaits development and use of a matrix-matched reference material for laser ablation ICPMS analysis of Hg concentrations in keratin. Realising this potential would make a valuable advance to the study of the history of contamination in mining and industrial sites, which have until now relied on the analysis of Hg concentrations in sediments. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0045-6535
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Biodiversidade (CBIO)

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