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Título: Black-fly assemblage distribution patterns in streams in disturbed areas in southern Brazil
Autor(es): Sheyla Regina Marques Couceiro
Neusa Hamada
Lucia B. Sagot
Mateus Pepinelli
Assunto: Insetos aquáticos
Distriuição espacial
ISSN: 0001-706X
Revista: Acta Tropica
Resumo: Black flies (Simuliidae) are considered to be pests in rural and in some urban areas in the south of Brazil due to the bites of females. Little information exists on the factors that contribute to Simuliidae distribution in these areas. We sampled 39 streams in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in September 2004 to address ecological aspects. Of the 18 species collected, those that occurred in more than 50% of the streams were: Simulium subnigrum Lutz 1910, Simulium pertinax Kollar 1882, Simulium subpallidum Lutz 1910 and Simulium incrustatum Lutz 1910. Species richness was not influenced by any of the environmental or geographical variables considered, and there was no pattern of species co-occurrence, corroborating the hypothesis of a stochastic distribution of the Simuliidae assemblage. When analyzed individually, only three of seven species with occurrence frequency >30% were related to any of the variables measured. The probabilities of occurrence of Simulium jujuyense Paterson & Shannon 1927 and S. pertinax were higher in streams with high values of water pH and electrical conductivity, whereas the opposite was observed for S. incrustatum. Therefore, due to stochastic distribution, the population studies of Simuliidae are more suitable for predicting the occurrence of species in rural areas than are studies of assemblages. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0001-706X
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Biodiversidade (CBIO)

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