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Título: Plumage carotenoids of the Pin-tailed Manakin (Ilicura militaris): Evidence for the endogenous production of rhodoxanthin from a colour variant
Autor(es): Jocelyn Hudon
Marina Anciaes
Vittorio Bertacche
Riccardo Stradi
ISSN: 1096-4959
Revista: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Volume: 147
Resumo: The Pin-tailed Manakin (Ilicura militaris) is a small, sexually dimorphic, frugivorous suboscine songbird (Pipridae; Passeriformes; Aves) endemic to the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. A variant individual of this species was recently described in which the red patches that characterise the male's Definitive plumage were replaced by orange-yellow ones. We show here that the pigments in the feathers of the colour variant are common dietary carotenoids (zeaxanthin, p-cryptoxanthin), not carotenoids synthesised by birds, lending support to the suggestion that the individual is a colour mutant lacking the capability to transform yellow dietary pigments into the red pigments normally present in these feathers. By comparison, the yellow crown feathers of a close relative, the Golden-winged Manakin (Masius chrysopterus), contained predominantly endogenously produced epsilon-caroten-3'-ones. Surprisingly, the normal-coloured feathers of the male Pin-tailed Manakin owe their red hue to rhodoxanthin, an unusual carotenoid more commonly found in plants, rather than 4-keto-carotenoids typically found in red plumages and found lacking in previously characterised bird colour variants. The implication is that birds, like the tilapia fish, may be able to synthesise this unusual pigment endogenously from dietary precursors. A newly described carotenoid, 6-hydroxy-epsilon,epsilon-carotene-3,3'-dione, here named piprixanthin, present in the red feathers of the Pin-tailed Manakin, provides a plausible intermediate between epsilon,epsilon-carotene-3,3'-dione (canaryxanthophyll B), a bright yellow pigment found in this and other songbirds, and rhodoxanthin. It is apparent that pigeons (Columbidae, Columbiformes) also have the capability to produce rhodoxanthin, and a structurally related pigment, endogenously. The ability to synthesise rhodoxanthin might have arisen at least twice in birds. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1096-4959
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Biodiversidade (CBIO)

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