Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/123/1325
Título: Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas
Autor(es): LAURANCE, WILLIAM F.
CAROLINA USECHE, D.
RENDEIRO, JULIO
KALKA, MARGARETA
BRADSHAW, COREY J. A.
SLOAN, SEAN P.
LAURANCE, SUSAN G.
CAMPBELL, MASON
ABERNETHY, KATE
ALVAREZ, PATRICIA
ARROYO-RODRIGUEZ, VICTOR
ASHTON, PETER
BENÍTEZ-MALVIDO, JULIETA
BLOM, ALLARD
BOBO, KADIRI S.
CANNON, CHARLES H.
CAO, MIN
CARROLL, RICHARD
CHAPMAN, COLIN
COATES, ROSAMOND
CORDS, MARINA
DANIELSEN, FINN
DE DIJN, BART
DINERSTEIN, ERIC
DONNELLY, MAUREEN A.
EDWARDS, DAVID
EDWARDS, FELICITY
FARWIG, NINA
FASHING, PETER
FORGET, PIERRE-MICHEL
FOSTER, MERCEDES
GALE, GEORGE
HARRIS, DAVID
HARRISON, RHETT
HART, JOHN
KARPANTY, SARAH
JOHN KRESS, W.
KRISHNASWAMY, JAGDISH
LOGSDON, WILLIS
LOVETT, JON
MAGNUSSON, WILLIAM
MAISELS, FIONA
MARSHALL, ANDREW R.
MCCLEARN, DEEDRA
MUDAPPA, DIVYA
NIELSEN, MARTIN R.
PEARSON, RICHARD
PITMAN, NIGEL
VAN DER PLOEG, JAN
PLUMPTRE, ANDREW
POULSEN, JOHN
QUESADA, MAURICIO
RAINEY, HUGO
ROBINSON, DOUGLAS
ROETGERS, CHRISTIANE
ROVERO, FRANCESCO
SCATENA, FREDERICK
SCHULZE, CHRISTIAN
SHEIL, DOUGLAS
STRUHSAKER, THOMAS
TERBORGH, JOHN
THOMAS, DUNCAN
TIMM, ROBERT
NICOLAS URBINA-CARDONA, J.
VASUDEVAN, KARTHIKEYAN
JOSEPH WRIGHT, S.
CARLOS ARIAS-G., JUAN
ARROYO, LUZMILA
ASHTON, MARK
AUZEL, PHILIPPE
BABAASA, DENNIS
BABWETEERA, FRED
BAKER, PATRICK
BANKI, OLAF
BASS, MARGOT
BILA-ISIA, INOGWABINI
BLAKE, STEPHEN
BROCKELMAN, WARREN
BROKAW, NICHOLAS
BRÜHL, CARSTEN A.
BUNYAVEJCHEWIN, SARAYUDH
CHAO, JUNG-TAI
CHAVE, JEROME
CHELLAM, RAVI
CLARK, CONNIE J.
CLAVIJO, JOSÉ
CONGDON, ROBERT
CORLETT, RICHARD
DATTARAJA, H. S.
DAVE, CHITTARANJAN
DAVIES, GLYN
DE MELLO BEISIEGEL, BEATRIZ
DE NAZARÉ PAES DA SILVA, ROSA
DI FIORE, ANTHONY
DIESMOS, ARVIN
DIRZO, RODOLFO
DORAN-SHEEHY, DIANE
EATON, MITCHELL
EMMONS, LOUISE
ESTRADA, ALEJANDRO
EWANGO, CORNEILLE
FEDIGAN, LINDA
FEER, FRANÇOIS
FRUTH, BARBARA
GIACALONE WILLIS, JACALYN
GOODALE, UROMI
GOODMAN, STEVEN
GUIX, JUAN C.
GUTHIGA, PAUL
HABER, WILLIAM
HAMER, KEITH
HERBINGER, ILKA
HILL, JANE
HUANG, ZHONGLIANG
FANG SUN, I
ICKES, KALAN
ITOH, AKIRA
IVANAUSKAS, NATÁLIA
JACKES, BETSY
JANOVEC, JOHN
JANZEN, DANIEL
JIANGMING, MO
JIN, CHEN
JONES, TREVOR
JUSTINIANO, HERMES
KALKO, ELISABETH
KASANGAKI, AVENTINO
KILLEEN, TIMOTHY
KING, HEN-BIAU
KLOP, ERIK
KNOTT, CHERYL
KONÉ, INZA
KUDAVIDANAGE, ENOKA
LAHOZ DA SILVA RIBEIRO, JOSÉ
LATTKE, JOHN
LAVAL, RICHARD
LAWTON, ROBERT
LEAL, MIGUEL
LEIGHTON, MARK
LENTINO, MIGUEL
LEONEL, CRISTIANE
LINDSELL, JEREMY
LING-LING, LEE
EDUARD LINSENMAIR, K.
LOSOS, ELIZABETH
LUGO, ARIEL
LWANGA, JEREMIAH
MACK, ANDREW L.
MARTINS, MARLUCIA
SCOTT MCGRAW, W.
MCNAB, ROAN
MONTAG, LUCIANO
MYERS THOMPSON, JO
NABE-NIELSEN, JACOB
NAKAGAWA, MICHIKO
NEPAL, SANJAY
NORCONK, MARILYN
NOVOTNY, VOJTECH
O'DONNELL, SEAN
OPIANG, MUSE
OUBOTER, PAUL
PARKER, KENNETH
PARTHASARATHY, N.
PISCIOTTA, KÁTIA
PRAWIRADILAGA, DEWI
PRINGLE, CATHERINE
RAJATHURAI, SUBARAJ
REICHARD, ULRICH
REINARTZ, GAY
RENTON, KATHERINE
REYNOLDS, GLEN
REYNOLDS, VERNON
RILEY, ERIN
RÖDEL, MARK-OLIVER
ROTHMAN, JESSICA
ROUND, PHILIP
SAKAI, SHOKO
Tânia Margarete Sanaiotti
SAVINI, TOMMASO
SCHAAB, GERTRUD
SEIDENSTICKER, JOHN
SIAKA, ALHAJI
SILMAN, MILES R.
SMITH, THOMAS B.
DE ALMEIDA, SAMUEL SOARES
SODHI, NAVJOT
STANFORD, CRAIG
STEWART, KRISTINE
STOKES, EMMA
STONER, KATHRYN E.
SUKUMAR, RAMAN
SURBECK, MARTIN
TOBLER, MATHIAS
TSCHARNTKE, TEJA
TURKALO, ANDREA
UMAPATHY, GOVINDASWAMY
VAN WEERD, MERLIJN
VEGA RIVERA, JORGE
VENKATARAMAN, MEENA
VENN, LINDA
VEREA, CARLOS
VOLKMER DE CASTILHO, CAROLINA
WALTERT, MATTHIAS
WANG, BENJAMIN
WATTS, DAVID
WEBER, WILLIAM
WEST, PAIGE
WHITACRE, DAVID
WHITNEY, KEN
WILKIE, DAVID
WILLIAMS, STEPHEN
WRIGHT, DEBRA D.
WRIGHT, PATRICIA
XIANKAI, LU
YONZON, PRALAD
ZAMZANI, FRANKY
Assunto: Environmental science
ecology
ISSN: 0028-0836
Revista: Nature (London)
Volume: 489
Resumo: The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon(1-3). With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. However, many protected areas in the tropics are themselves vulnerable to human encroachment and other environmental stresses(4-9). As pressures mount, it is vital to know whether existing reserves can sustain their biodiversity. A critical constraint in addressing this question has been that data describing a broad array of biodiversity groups have been unavailable for a sufficiently large and representative sample of reserves. Here we present a uniquely comprehensive data set on changes over the past 20 to 30 years in 31 functional groups of species and 21 potential drivers of environmental change, for 60 protected areas stratified across the world's major tropical regions. Our analysis reveals great variation in reserve 'health': about half of all reserves have been effective or performed passably, but the rest are experiencing an erosion of biodiversity that is often alarmingly widespread taxonomically and functionally. Habitat disruption, hunting and forest-product exploitation were the strongest predictors of declining reserve health. Crucially, environmental changes immediately outside reserves seemed nearly as important as those inside in determining their ecological fate, with changes inside reserves strongly mirroring those occurring around them. These findings suggest that tropical protected areas are often intimately linked ecologically to their surrounding habitats, and that a failure to stem broad-scale loss and degradation of such habitats could sharply increase the likelihood of serious biodiversity declines.
URI: http://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/123/1325
ISSN: 0028-0836
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11318
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Biodiversidade (CBIO)

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