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Título: Biomass and greenhouse-gas emissions from land-use change in Brazil's Amazonian arc of deforestation : The states of Mato Grosso and Rondônia
Autor(es): Philip Martin Fearnside
Righi, Ciro Abbud
Graça, Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro
Keizer, Edwin W.H.
Cerri, Carlos Clemente
Euler Melo Nogueira
Reinaldo Imbrozio Barbosa
Assunto: Mato Grosso
Emissão de Gases
ISSN: 0378-1127
Revista: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 258
Resumo: We Calculate greenhouse-gas emissions from land-use change in Mato Grosso and Rondonia, two states that are responsible for more than half of the deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia. In addition to deforestation (clearing of forest), we also estimate clearing rates and emissions for savannas (especially the cerrado, or central Brazilian savanna), which have not been included in Brazil's monitoring of deforestation. The rate of clearing of savannas was much more rapid in the 1980s and 1990s than in recent years. Over the 2006-2007 period (one year) 204 x 10(3) ha of forest and 30 x 10(3) ha of savanna were cleared in Mato Grosso, representing a gross loss of biomass carbon (above + belowground) of 66.0 and 1.8 x 10(6) MgC, respectively. In the same year in Rondonia, 130 x 10(3) ha of forest was cleared, representing gross losses of biomass of 40.4 x 10(6) MgC. Data on clearing of savanna in Rondonia are unavailable, but the rate is believed to be small in the year in question. Net losses of carbon stock for Mato Grosso forest, Mato Grosso savanna and Rondonia forest were 29 0, 0.5 and 18.5 x 10(6) MgC, respectively. Including soil carbon loss and the effects of trace-gas emissions (using global warming potentials for CH4 and N2O from the IPCC's 2007 Fourth Assessment Report), the impact of these emission sources totaled 30 9, 0.6 and 25.4 x 10(6) Mg CO2-equivalent C, respectively. These impacts approximate the combined effect of logging and clearing because the forest biomasses used are based on surveys conducted before many forests were exposed to logging. The total emission from Mato Grosso and Rondonia of 56.9 x 10(6) Mg CO2-equivalent C can be compared with Brazil's annual emission of approximately 80 x 10(6) MgC from fossil-fuel combustion. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0378-1127
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Dinâmica Ambiental (CDAM)

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