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Título: Biomass burning in Brazil's Amazonian arc of deforestation : Burning efficiency and charcoal formation in a fire after mechanized clearing at Feliz Natal, Mato Grosso
Autor(es): Righi, Ciro Abbud
de Alencastro Graça, Paulo Maurício Lima
Cerri, Carlos Clemente
Feigl, Brigitte Josefine
Philip Martin Fearnside
Assunto: Aquecimento Global
ISSN: 0378-1127
Revista: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 258
Resumo: Estimates of greenhouse-gas emissions from deforestation are highly uncertain because of high variability in key parameters and because of the limited number of studies providing field measurements of these parameters. One such parameter is burning efficiency, which determines how much of the original forest's aboveground carbon stock will be released in the burn, as well as how much will later be released by decay and how much will remain as charcoal. In this paper we examined the fate of biomass from a semideciduous tropical forest in the "arc of deforestation," where clearing activity is concentrated along the southern edge of the Amazon forest. We estimated carbon content, charcoal formation and burning efficiency by direct measurements (cutting and weighing) and by line-intersect sampling (LIS) done along the axis of each plot before and after burning of felled vegetation. The total aboveground dry biomass found here (219.3 Mg ha(-1)) is lower than the values found in studies that have been done in other parts of the Amazon region. Values for burning efficiency (65%) and charcoal formation (6.0%, or 5.98 Mg C ha(-1)) were much higher than those found in past studies in tropical areas. The percentage of trunk biomass lost in burning (49%) was substantially higher than has been found in previous studies. This difference may be explained by the concentration of more stems in the smaller diameter classes and the low humidity of the fuel (the dry season was unusually long in 2007, the year of the burn). This study provides the first measurements of forest burning parameters for a group of forest types that is now undergoing rapid deforestation. The burning parameters estimated here indicate substantially higher burning efficiency than has been found in other Amazonian forest types. Quantification of burning efficiency is critical to estimates of trace-gas emissions from deforestation. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0378-1127
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Dinâmica Ambiental (CDAM)

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