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Título: Forecasting the flood-pulse in Central Amazonia by ENSO-indices
Autor(es): Jochen Schongart
Wolfgang Johannes Junk
Assunto: Amazon
El Nino
ISSN: 0022-1694
Revista: Journal of Hydrology (Amsterdam)
Volume: 335
Resumo: The flood-pulse of the large rivers in Central Amazonia triggers ecological processes of the floodplain systems inducing a severe seasonality in the annual cycle between the aquatic and the terrestrial phase. The nutrient-rich floodplains (varzea) have the highest human population density in Amazonia and economic activities such as fishing, agriculture, pasture and timber extraction are directly associated with water-level fluctuations. The discharge of many tropical river systems responds to the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) originating from the tropical Pacific. Several studies show a strong relationship between the flooding regime of Amazonian rivers and ENSO-indices, such as the meteorological Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and sea surface temperatures (SSTs). During warm ENSO-phases (El Nino) flood-levels are lowered and aquatic phases are shortened, white high and prolonged flooding is associated to cold ENSO-phases (La Nina). Here we present retrospective forecasts of the maximum water Level in Central Amazonia from 1903 to 2004-generally occurring in the second half Of June-and the length of the aquatic phase along the flood-gradient by models based on the SOI and SST anomalies of the El Nino 3.4 region in February, four months before its appearance. The forecast of the flood-pulse allows also predicting parameters correlated with the flood-pulse (e.g., tree growth, biogeochemical cycles) and increases the efficiency in planning and executing of economic activities by the human population (e.g.; fishery, timber extraction, agriculture). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0022-1694
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Dinâmica Ambiental (CDAM)

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