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Título: Sedimentation and pedogenesis in a Central Amazonian black water basin
Autor(es): Armand Chauvel
Y Lucas
Ilse Walker
ISSN: 0006-2960
Revista: Biochemistry (Easton)
Volume: 33
Resumo: Sedimentation rates were estimated in a Central Amazonian Black-water inundation forest. Sediment deposition on the forest ground, remote from the river bed, during an annual flood period, is of the order of 1 to 10 tons per hectare, depending on water depth and duration of flooding. The sediments consisted of fine organic matter, kaolinite, quartz sands and biogenic particles of silica. Their genesis and deposition depend on the interplay between pedogenic, limnological and biological processes. Sediments derive primarily from the materials leached from the soils. Clay soils are the main source of dissolved silica, and the sandy soils are the main sources of organic coumpounds and mineral particles. The physical sedimentation of particles as quartz sand grains only occurs in the upper reaches of the studied river. In the flood plain, the sedimentation is due to the coagulation and deposition of combined mineral particles and humic substances, and to the biological precipitation of the silica leached from the soil by sponges.
ISSN: 0006-2960
Local de publicação: Brasil
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Biodiversidade (CBIO)

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