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Título: Avaliação da Jari Florestal e Agropecuária Ltda. Como Modelo Para O Desenvolvimento da Amazonia
Autor(es): Philip Martin Fearnside
Assunto: Projeto Jari
ISSN: 0044-5967
Revista: Acta Amazonica
Volume: 9
Resumo: The present paper emphasizes the importance of a tltorotlglt Valluation of Jari Florestal e Agropecuaria Ltda. as d mouel for development in the Amazon. fhis large scale commercial, plantation and agriculture venture has ltBHII suggestecj recurrently 1y various Brazilian planners as an appropriate model for development of other areas in the region. Jari is undertaking enormous silvicultural projects using Gmelina arborea and Pinus caribaea in "ter ra firme" (high ground) areas, and a mechanized agriculture scheme with irrigated rice culture in "várzea"(floor plain) areas. Based on observations and interviews mad~ during visits to these projects,three principal questions are identified which need to be studied in order to evaluate the applicability of Jari as a model for other places in the Amazon. The first question is whether rojects of the Jari type would be economically healthy. in the sense of being good investments. Characteristics of Jari which would be hard to duplicate elsewhere would make it diffi cult to mount similar ojects. Among other factors. the large initial investiments required and the long period before the first returns are realized must also enter the calculations of potencial appliers of Jari as a model. The second question is whether Jari is indefinitely sus tainable with an adequate economic return. Various fac tares are relevant. including soils. pests. and diseases. The third question concrns the possible environmental impacts of such projects. Information relevant to the various aspects of each question is summarized. and recommendations for lines of research are made to allow evalu ation of whether or not the Jari Project is applicable as a model for development in other areas. The present paper makes it clear that the wisdom of applyng Jari as a model is still far from being demonstrated.
ISSN: 0044-5967
Local de publicação: Brasil
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Dinâmica Ambiental (CDAM)

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