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Título: Deforestation and International Economic Development Projects in Brazilian Amazonia*
Autor(es): Philip Martin Fearnside
Assunto: Desenvolvimento Amazonico
Floresta Amazonica
ISSN: 0888-8892
Revista: Conservation Biology
Volume: 1
Resumo: International economic development projects speed deforestation in Brazil's Amazon region. Highways financed by these projects form a key link in a positive feedback relationship between deforestation and population migration. Roads facilitate entry of settlers whose land claims (established by deforestation) justify building more roads. Deforestation is explosive in Rondôniq site of the World Bank-financed POLONOROESTE project. Increased deforestation is likely in Acre, where highway improvement financed by the Interamerican Development Bank is under way, and (if funded) in the Grande Carajás agricultural program area. Deforested areas are usually converted to low-diversity cattle pasture to secure land claims at minimal cost. Pasture also facilitates obtaining land titles. Profits from land sales are enhanced by road improvements and by titling. Government and development project efforts to encourage nonpasture uses are unlikely to be effective in the absence of reforms limiting the profitability of land speculation.
ISSN: 0888-8892
Aparece nas coleções:Coordenação de Dinâmica Ambiental (CDAM)

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