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Title: Habitat amount hypothesis and passive sampling explain mammal species composition in Amazonian river islands
Authors: Rabelo, Rafael M.
Aragón, Susan
Bicca-Marques, Júlio César
Nelson, Bruce Walker
Keywords: Colonization
Community Composition
Community Structure
Habitat Availability
Hypothesis Testing
Island Biogeography
Landscape Ecology
Nest Structure
Patch Dynamics
Patch Size
Species Occurrence
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biotropica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 51, Número 1, Pags. 84-92
Abstract: Nested structures of species assemblages have been frequently associated with patch size and isolation, leading to the conclusion that colonization–extinction dynamics drives nestedness. The ‘passive sampling’ model states that the regional abundance of species randomly determines their occurrence in patches. The ‘habitat amount hypothesis’ also challenges patch size and isolation effects, arguing that they occur because of a ‘sample area effect’. Here, we (a) ask whether the structure of the mammal assemblages of fluvial islands shows a nested pattern, (b) test whether species’ regional abundance predicts species’ occurrence on islands, and (c) ask whether habitat amount in the landscape and matrix resistance to biological flow predict the islands’ species composition. We quantified nestedness and tested its significance using null models. We used a regression model to analyze whether a species’ relative regional abundance predicts its incidence on islands. We accessed islands’ species composition by an NMDS ordination and used multiple regression to evaluate how species composition responds to habitat amount and matrix resistance. The degree of nestedness did not differ from that expected by the passive sampling hypothesis. Likewise, species’ regional abundance predicted its occurrence on islands. Habitat amount successfully predicted the species composition on islands, whereas matrix resistance did not. We suggest the application of habitat amount hypothesis for predicting species composition in other patchy systems. Although the island biogeography perspective has dominated the literature, we suggest that the passive sampling perspective is more appropriate for explaining the assemblages’ structure in this and other non-equilibrium patch systems. Abstract in Portuguese is available with online material. © 2019 The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/btp.12615
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