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|Title:||Biological activity of neosergeolide and isobrucein B (and two semi-synthetic derivatives) isolated from the Amazonian medicinal plant Picrolemma sprucei (Simaroubaceae)|
|Authors:||Silva, Ellen Cristina Costa|
Coelho Cavalcanti, Bruno
Amorim, Rodrigo C.N.
Lucena, Jorcilene F.
Quadros, Dulcimar S.
Tadei, Wanderli Pedro
Montenegro, Raquel Carvalho
Costa-Lotufo, Leticia Veras
Pessoa, Cláudia do Ó.
Moraes, Manœl Odorico de
Nunomura, Rita de Cássia Saraiva
Nunomura, Sergio Massayoshi
Melo, Márcia R.S.
Andrade Neto, Valter Ferreira de
Silva, Luis Francisco Rocha
Vieira, Pedro Paulo Ribeiro
Pohlit, Adrian Martin
Cell Strain Hl 60
Isolation And Purification
Lethal Dose 50
|metadata.dc.publisher.journal:||Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz|
|metadata.dc.relation.ispartof:||Volume 104, Número 1, Pags. 48-55|
|Abstract:||In the present study, in vitro techniques were used to investigate a range of biological activities of known natural quassinoids isobrucein B (1) and neosergeolide (2), known semi-synthetic derivative 1,12-diacetylisobrucein B (3), and a new semi-synthetic derivative, 12-acetylneosergeolide (4). These compounds were evaluated for general toxicity toward the brine shrimp species Artemia franciscana, cytotoxicity toward human tumour cells, larvicidal activity toward the dengue fever mosquito vector Aedes aegypti, haemolytic activity in mouse erythrocytes and antimalarial activity against the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited the greatest cytotoxicity against all the tumor cells tested (IC50 = 5-27 μg/L) and against multidrug-resistant P. falciparum K1 strain (IC50 = 1.0-4.0 μg/L) and 3 was only cytotoxic toward the leukaemia HL-60 strain (IC50 = 11.8 μg/L). Quassinoids 1 and 2 (LC50 = 3.2-4.4 mg/L) displayed greater lethality than derivative 4 (LC50 = 75.0 mg/L) toward A. aegypti larvae, while derivative 3 was inactive. These results suggest a novel application for these natural quassinoids as larvicides. The toxicity toward A. franciscana could be correlated with the activity in several biological models, a finding that is in agreement with the literature. Importantly, none of the studied compounds exhibited in vitro haemolytic activity, suggesting specificity of the observed cytotoxic effects. This study reveals the biological potential of quassinoids 1 and 2 and to a lesser extent their semi-synthetic derivatives for their in vitro antimalarial and cytotoxic activities.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos|
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