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Title: Phylogeography and population diversity of Simulium hirtipupa Lutz (Diptera: Simuliidae) based on mitochondrial COI sequences
Authors: Andrade-Souza, V.
Silva, Janisete Gomes
Hamada, Neusa
Keywords: Cytochrome C Oxidase
Cytochrome C Oxidase
Controlled Study
Espirito Santo
Gene Structures
Genetic Distance
Genetic Variability
Geographic Distribution
Mato Grosso Do Sul
Minas Gerais
Mitochondrial Gene
Population Distribution
Population Structure
São Paulo
Simulium Hirtipupa
Species Diversity
Electron Transport Complex Iv
Issue Date: 2017
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: PLoS ONE
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 12, Número 12
Abstract: High morphological homogeneity and cryptic speciation may cause the diversity within Simuliidae to be underestimated. Recent molecular studies on population genetics and phylogeography have contributed to reveal which factors influenced the diversity within this group. This study aimed at examining the genetic diversity of Simulium hirtipupa Lutz, 1910 in populations from the biomes Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest. In this study, we carried out phylogeographic and population genetic analyses using a fragment of the mitochondrial gene COI. The 19 populations studied were clustered into seven groups, most of which are associated with geography indicating certain genetic structure. The northern region of the state of Minas Gerais is most likely the center of origin of this species. The average intergroup genetic distance was 3.7%, indicating the presence of cryptic species. The species tree as well as the haplotype network recovered all groups forming two major groups: the first comprises groups Gr-Bahia (in which the São Francisco river has not acted as geographical barrier), Gr-Pernambuco, and Gr-Mato Grosso do Sul. The second included groups comprising populations of the states of Goiás, Tocantins, Minas Gerais, Bahia, São Paulo, and Espírito Santo. The mismatch distribution for groups was consistent with the model of demographic expansion, except for the Gr-Central-East_1 group. The diversification in this group occurred about 1.19 Mya during the Pleistocene, influenced by paleocli-matic oscillations during the Quaternary glacial cycles. © 2017 Andrade-Souza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190091
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