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Title: Near infrared spectroscopy facilitates rapid identification of both young and mature Amazonian tree species
Authors: Lang, Carla
Costa, Flávia Regina Capellotto
Camargo, José Luís Campana
Durgante, Flávia Machado
Vicentini, Alberto
Keywords: Adult
Controlled Study
Crepidospermum Rhoifolium
Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Plant Leaf
Plant Structures
Protium Apiculatum
Protium Decandrum
Protium Grandifolium
Protium Hebetatum
Protium Krukoffi
Protium Occultum
Protium Pallidum
Protium Paniculatum Var. Nova
Protium Paniculatum Var. Riedelianum
Protium Sagotianum
Protium Subserratum
Species Identification
Spectral Sensitivity
Growth, Development And Aging
Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Species Difference
Plant Leaves
Species Specificity
Spectroscopy, Near-infrared
Issue Date: 2015
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: PLoS ONE
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 10, Número 8
Abstract: Precise identification of plant species requires a high level of knowledge by taxonomists and presence of reproductive material. This represents a major limitation for those working with seedlings and juveniles, which differ morphologically from adults and do not bear reproductive structures. Near-infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIR) has previously been shown to be effective in species discrimination of adult plants, so if young and adults have a similar spectral signature, discriminant functions based on FT-NIR spectra of adults can be used to identify leaves from young plants. We tested this with a sample of 419 plants in 13 Amazonian species from the genera Protium and Crepidospermum (Burseraceae). We obtained 12 spectral readings per plant, from adaxial and abaxial surfaces of dried leaves, and compared the rate of correct predictions of species with discriminant functions for different combinations of readings. We showed that the best models for predicting species in early developmental stages are those containing spectral data from both young and adult plants (98% correct predictions of external samples), but even using only adult spectra it is still possible to attain good levels of identification of young. We obtained an average of 75% correct identifications of young plants by discriminant equations based only on adults, when the most informative wavelengths were selected. Most species were accurately predicted (75-100% correct identifications), and only three had poor predictions (27-60%). These results were obtained despite the fact that spectra of young individuals were distinct from those of adults when species were analyzed individually. We concluded that FT-NIR has a high potential in the identification of species even at different ontogenetic stages, and that young plants can be identified based on spectra of adults with reasonable confidence. © 2015 Lang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134521
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