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Title: Response of frugivorous primates to changes in fruit supply in a northern Amazonian forest
Other Titles: Resposta dos primatas frugívoros à variação na oferta de frutos em uma floresta do norte da Amazônia
Authors: Mourthé, Ítalo M.C.
Keywords: Alouatta Seniculus Macconnelli
Ateles Belzebuth
Cebus Olivaceus
Feeding Behavior
Population Density
Population Dynamics
Tropic Climate
Feeding Behavior
Population Density
Population Dynamics
Tropical Climate
Issue Date: 2014
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Revista Brasileira de Biologia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 74, Número 3, Pags. 720-727
Abstract: Few attempts have been made to understand how spatiotemporal changes in fruit supply influence frugivores in tropical forests. The marked spatiotemporal variation in fruit supply can affect frugivore abundance and distribution, but studies addressing the effects of this variation on primates are scarce. The present study aimed to investigate how the spatiotemporal distribution of fruits influences the local distribution of three frugivorous primates in the eastern part of the Maracá Ecological Station, a highly seasonal Amazonian rainforest. Specifically, it was hypothesised that primate distribution will track changes in fruit supply, resulting that sites with high fruit availability should be heavily used by primates. During a 1-year study, fruit supply (ground fruit surveys) and primate density (line-transects) were monitored in twelve 2 km-long transects at monthly intervals. Fruit supply varied seasonally, being low during the dry season. The density of Ateles belzebuth was positively related to fruit supply during fruit shortage, but Cebus olivaceus and Alouatta macconnelli did not follow the same pattern. The supply of Sapotaceae fruit was an important component determining local distribution of A. belzebuth during the overall fruit shortage. Highly frugivorous primates such as A. belzebuth respond to seasonal decline in fruit supply by congregating at places with high fruit supply in this forest, particularly, those with many individuals of species of Sapotaceae. This study underscores the importance of small-scale spatiotemporal changes of fruit supply as a key component of frugivorous primate ecology in highly seasonal environments. © 2014, Instituto Internacional de Ecologia. All rights reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/bjb.2014.0088
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