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Title: Tests of chronic and acute toxicity of crude oil on larvae of Chironomus kiiensis tokunaga (Diptera: Chironomidae)
Other Titles: Teste de toxicidade aguda e crônica de óleo cru em larvas de Chironomus kiiensis Tokunaga (Diptera: Chironomidae)
Authors: Lacerda, Ana Carolina Figueiredo
Gusmão, G. A.
Hamada, Neusa
Keywords: Chironomidae
Chironomus Kiiensis
Drug Effects
Growth, Development And Aging
Ld 50
Lethal Dose 50
Time Factors
Issue Date: 2014
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Revista Brasileira de Biologia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 74, Número 3, Pags. 70-77
Abstract: The Amazon region, known for its mega-biodiversity, also holds large reserves of petroleum and natural gas. The increasing exploitation of natural gas and crude oil in the Amazon has not been accompanied by studies evaluating the impact of these pollutants on local biological communities, particularly aquatic organisms. The aim of the present study was to determine the values of acute and chronic toxicity of crude oil from Urucu to larvae of Chironomus kiiensis Tokunaga, 1936. The LD5048h of crude oil for second-instar larvae of C. kiiensis was 26.5 mg/L, and mortality for the majority of concentrations tested was greatest during the first 24 hours of the experiment. The survival of eggs of C. kiiensis exposed to concentrations of crude oil was also evaluated but did not differ significantly among the treatments. Despite the high tolerance observed for the species in the experiments, there is a possibility that in the natural environment the oil interacts with other factors, leading to synergistic effects, so further studies are needed to assess the effects of this pollutant on aquatic insect species. © 2014, Instituto Internacional de Ecologia. All right reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.24012
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