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Title: Seasonal variation in richness and abundance of small mammals and in forest structure and arthropod availability in forest fragments, at Mato Grosso, Brazil
Other Titles: Variação sazonal na riqueza e na abundância de pequenos mamíferos, na estrutura da floresta e na disponibilidade de artrópodes em fragmentos florestais no Mato Grosso, Brasil
Authors: Santos Filho, Manoel dos
Silva, Dionei José da
Sanaiotti, Tânia Margarete
Keywords: Arthropoda
Issue Date: 2008
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biota Neotropica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 8, Número 1, Pags. 115-121
Abstract: We captured small mammals in eight forest fragments (43 a 1.411 ha.) during the dry and wet seasons, in southwest Mato Grosso, Brazil, and investigated the variation in small mammal richness and abundance, as well as in forest structure variables (litter volume and canopy openness) and arthropod availability, between the two seasons. Sampling was carried out during the wet season between 2002 and 2003 and in the dry season of 2003. In each fragment, we used Sherman, Tomahawk, snap, and pitfall traps during 10 consecutive days per season, totaling 17,600 trap x nights. In total, we obtained 379 captures of 20 species, seven of marsupials and 13 of rodents. Overall capture success was 2.2% (1.6% during the wet season and 2.7% during the dry season). Total richness, richness of rodents, richness of marsupials, total abundance and abundance of rodents did not varied significantly between seasons. However, marsupial abundance was significantly lower in the dry season, when rainfall is high. Litter volume was significantly higher during the dry season, while arthropod availability was significantly higher during the wet season. Therefore, higher food availability during the wet season may have made trap baits less attractive. In general, the observed variations between dry and wet seasons are in accordance with patterns described in other studies.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032008000100014
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