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Title: Variation in Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera, Culicidae) infestation in artificial containers in Caxias, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Other Titles: Variação da infestação de Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus), (Diptera, Culicidae) em recipientes artificiais em Caxias, Estado do Maranhão, Brasil
Authors: Silva, Joelma Soares da
Ibiapina, Sebastiana Silva
Bezerra, Juliana Maria Trindade
Tadei, Wanderli Pedro
Pinheiro, Valéria Cristina Soares
Keywords: Aedes Aegypti
Building Material
Controlled Study
Disease Carrier
Geographical Variation (species)
Motor Vehicle Tire
Rural Area
Seasonal Variation
Trend Study
Urban Area
Disease Reservoirs
Insect Vectors
Population Density
Aedes Aegypti
Issue Date: 2012
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 45, Número 2, Pags. 174-179
Abstract: Introduction: Dengue is a serious public health problem worldwide, with cases reported annually in tropical and subtropical regions. Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762), the main vector of dengue, is a domiciliary species with high dispersal and survival capacities and can use various artificial containers as breeding sites. We assessed potential container breeding sites of A. aegypti in the municipality of Caxias, Maranhão, Brazil. Methods: In the initial phase, we analyzed 900 properties in 3 neighborhoods during the dry and rainy seasons (August- October 2005 and February-April 2006, respectively). During the second sampling period, September 2006-August 2007, we used 5 assessment cycles for 300 properties in a single neighborhood. Results: During the dry and rainy seasons, water-storage containers comprised 55.7% (n = 1,970) and 48.5% (n = 1,836) of the total containers inspected, and showed the highest productivity of immature A. aegypti; we found 23.7 and 106.1 individuals/container, respectively, in peridomicile sites. In intradomicile sites, water-storage containers were also the most important breeding sites with 86.4% (n = 973) and 85.6% (n = 900) of all containers and a mean of 7.9 and 108.3 individuals/container in the dry and rainy seaso-October 2006 (1,342). The highest number of positives (70) was recorded in May, mostly (94%) in storage containers. Conclusions: Storage containers are the principal and most productive A. aegypti breeding sites and are a major contributing factor to the maintenance of this vector in Caxias.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/S0037-86822012000200007
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