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Title: Growth, leaf and stomatal traits of crabwood (Carapa guianensis Aubl.) in central Amazonia
Other Titles: Crescimento, características foliares e estomáticas de andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl.) na Amazônia central
Authors: Camargo, Miguel Angelo Branco
Marenco, Ricardo Antonio
Keywords: Carapa Guianensis
Issue Date: 2012
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Revista Árvore
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 36, Número 1, Pags. 7-16
Abstract: Crabwood (Carapa guianensis Aubl.) is a fast growing tree species with many uses among Amazonian local communities. The main objective of this study was to assess the effect of seasonal rainfall pattern on growth rates, and seasonal and diurnal changes in leaf gas exchange and leaf water potential (Ψ L) in crabwood. To assess the effect of rainfall seasonality on growth and physiological leaf traits an experiment was conducted in Manaus, AM (03° 05' 30'' S, 59° 59' 35'' S). In this experiment, six 6-m tall plants were used to assess photosynthetic traits and Ψ L. In a second experiment the effect of growth irradiance on stomatal density (S D), size (S S) and leaf thickness was assessed in 0.8-m tall saplings. Stomatal conductance (g s) and light-saturated photosynthesis (A max) were higher in the wet season, and between 09:00 and 15:00 h. However, no effect of rainfall seasonality was found on Ψ L and potential photosynthesis (CO 2-saturated). Ψ L declined from -0.3 MPa early in the morning to -0.75 MPa after midday. It increased in the afternoon but did not reach full recovery at sunset. Growth rates of crabwood were high, and similar in both seasons (2 mm month -1). Leaf thickness and S D were 19% and 47% higher in sun than in shade plants, whereas the opposite was true for S S. We conclude that Ψ L greatly affects carbon assimilation of crabwood by reducing g s at noon, although this effect is not reflected on growth rates indicating that other factors offset the effect of g s on A max.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/S0100-67622012000100002
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