Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/15448
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dc.contributor.authorMatsumura, Yoko-
dc.contributor.authorBeutel, Rolf Georg-
dc.contributor.authorRafael, José Albertino-
dc.contributor.authorYao, Izumi-
dc.contributor.authorCâmara, Josenir Teixeira-
dc.contributor.authorLima, Sheila P.-
dc.contributor.authorYoshizawa, Kazunori-
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-14T14:27:37Z-
dc.date.available2020-05-14T14:27:37Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/15448-
dc.description.abstractZoraptera is one of the most enigmatic and least understood orders in insects. Based on a wide taxon sampling from all continents where the group is known, we applied a phylogenetic approach using multiple DNA sequences to elucidate species-level relationships. The resulting phylogeny shows that Zoraptera is divided into three major clades, and that two comprise species distributed on different continents. The monophyly of these clades is at least partly supported by shared derived morphological features. The divergence age estimation and ancestral distribution area reconstruction suggest an ancient origin and early radiation initiated in the Permian. Plate tectonics theory suggests that the present distribution of Zoraptera was mainly established by vicariance, rather than dispersal. The three major clades probably originated on the Pangaea supercontinent, or alternatively on the linked Gondwana and Laurasia supercontinents. Their ancient origin explains previously found conspicuous interspecific variation of the genital apparatus, sperm structure and mating behaviour, in striking contrast to a highly conserved general body morphology. We compiled data of available reproductive features and reconstructed the character evolution. Our analyses revealed repeated acquisitions and/or losses of a hyperelongated intromittent organ, mating hooks and tergal protuberances. © 2019 The Authors. Systematic Entomology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Royal Entomological Society.en
dc.language.isoenpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofVolume 45, Número 2, Pags. 349-364pt_BR
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Brazil*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/br/*
dc.subjectAncestryen
dc.subjectDispersalen
dc.subjectDivergenceen
dc.subjectDnaen
dc.subjectEvolutionen
dc.subjectGondwanaen
dc.subjectInsecten
dc.subjectInterspecific Variationen
dc.subjectLaurentiaen
dc.subjectMorphologyen
dc.subjectPangaeaen
dc.subjectPhylogeneticsen
dc.subjectPhylogenyen
dc.subjectReconstructionen
dc.subjectSamplingen
dc.subjectHexapodaen
dc.subjectZorapteraen
dc.titleThe evolution of Zorapteraen
dc.typeArtigopt_BR
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/syen.12400-
dc.publisher.journalSystematic Entomologypt_BR
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