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Title: Patterns of nuclear and chloroplast genetic diversity and structure of manioc along major Brazilian Amazonian rivers
Authors: Alves-Pereira, Alessandro
Clement, Charles Roland
Picanço-Rodrigues, Doriane
Veasey, Elizabeth Ann
Dequigiovanni, Gabriel
Ramos, Santiago Linorio Ferreyra
Pinheiro, José Baldin
Zucchi, Maria Imaculada
Keywords: Chloroplast
Evolutionary Biology
Genetic Marker
Genetic Structure
Genetic Variation
Geographical Distribution
Spatial Distribution
Amazon Basin
Manihot Esculenta
Microsatellite Dna
Dna, Plant
Anatomy And Histology
Genetic Variation
Plant Breeding
Dna, Plant
Genetic Variation
Microsatellite Repeats
Plant Breeding
Issue Date: 2018
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Annals of Botany
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 121, Número 4, Pags. 625-639
Abstract: Background and Aims Amazonia is a major world centre of plant domestication, but little is known about how the crops were dispersed across the region. Manioc (Manihot esculenta) was domesticated in the south-western Amazon basin, and is the most important staple food crop that originated in Amazonia. Current contrasting distributions may reflect distinct histories of dispersal of bitter and sweet manioc landraces. To produce new insights into the evolutionary history of the crop, we investigated the contemporary genetic diversity and structure of bitter and sweet manioc along major Amazonian rivers. Methods The patterns of genetic structure and diversity of wild and cultivated sweet and bitter manioc with four chloroplast and 14 nuclear microsatellite markers were evaluated. Results were interpreted in terms of the crop's dispersal. Key results No phylogeographic patterns among rivers were detected, and genetic structure among rivers was confounded by the bitter-sweet divergence. However, differences in the distribution of nuclear diversity and somewhat distinctive patterns of genetic structure across rivers were observed within bitter and sweet manioc. Conclusions Various pre-Columbian and post-European conquest events in the history of Amazonian occupation may explain the absence of clearer patterns of genetic structure. However, the wide distribution of the most common chloroplast haplotype agrees with an early dispersal of manioc across Brazilian Amazonia. Furthermore, differences in genetic structure and in the spatial distribution of genetic diversity suggest that bitter and sweet manioc had distinct dispersal histories. Knowledge about how prehistoric and contemporary Amazonian peoples manage their crops is valuable for the maintenance and conservation of the impressive diversity of their native crops. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company. All rights reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcx190
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