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dc.contributor.authorKoele, Nina-
dc.contributor.authorBird, Michael I.-
dc.contributor.authorHaig, Jordahna Ellan Ann-
dc.contributor.authorMarimon Júnior, Ben Hur-
dc.contributor.authorMarimon, Beatriz Schwantes-
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Oliver L.-
dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Eddie Lenza de-
dc.contributor.authorQuesada, Carlos Alberto-
dc.contributor.authorFeldpausch, Ted R.-
dc.description.abstractAmazon Basin forest soils contain considerable soil organic carbon stocks; however, the contribution of soil pyrogenic carbon (PyC) to the total is unknown. PyC is derived from local fires (historical and modern) and external inputs via aeolian deposition. To establish an initial estimate of PyC stocks in non-terra preta forest with no known history of fire, to assess site and vertical variability, as well as to determine optimal sampling design, we sampled 37 one hectare forest plots in the Amazon Basin and analysed PyC via hydrogen pyrolysis of three individual samples per plot and of bulked samples to 200 cm depth. Using our data and published total organic carbon stocks, we present the first field-based estimate of total PyC stock for the Amazon Basin of 1.10 Pg over 0–30 cm soil depth, and 2.76 Pg over 0–100 cm soil depth. This is up to 20 times higher than previously assumed. Three individual samples per 1 ha are sufficient to capture the site variability of PyC in our plots. PyC showed significant, large-scale variability among plots. To capture 50% of the PyC in 200 cm soil profiles, soil must be sampled to a depth of at least 71 cm. PyC represents a significant (11%) portion of total organic carbon in soil profiles 0–200 cm depth. This finding highlights the potentially important role that historical fire has played in modifying soil C stocks. Our data suggest that PyC is an important carbon pool for long-term storage, involved in millennial scale biogeochemical cycling, particularly in the subsurface soil. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.en
dc.relation.ispartofVolume 306, Pags. 237-243pt_BR
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Brazil*
dc.subjectDigital Storageen
dc.subjectOrganic Carbonen
dc.subjectAeolian Depositionen
dc.subjectBiogeochemical Cyclingen
dc.subjectCarbon Stabilityen
dc.subjectMineral Soilsen
dc.subjectOptimal Sampling Designen
dc.subjectSoil Organic Carbonen
dc.subjectSoil Organic Carbon Stocksen
dc.subjectTotal Organic Carbonen
dc.subjectSoil Surveysen
dc.subjectCarbon Sequestrationen
dc.subjectEolian Depositen
dc.subjectEstimation Methoden
dc.subjectForest Soilen
dc.subjectSoil Carbonen
dc.subjectSoil Depthen
dc.subjectSoil Horizonen
dc.subjectSoil Profileen
dc.subjectTotal Organic Carbonen
dc.subjectAmazon Basinen
dc.titleAmazon Basin forest pyrogenic carbon stocks: First estimate of deep storageen
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