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Title: LIDAR-based estimation of bole biomass for precision management of an Amazonian forest: Comparisons of ground-based and remotely sensed estimates
Authors: Figueiredo, Evandro Orfanó
D'Oliveira, Marcus Vinício Neves
Braz, Evaldo Muñeoz
Papa, Daniel de Almeida
Fearnside, Philip Martin
Keywords: Biomass
Logging (forestry)
Optical Radar
Regression Analysis
Uncertainty Analysis
Airborne Lidar
Forest Profiling
Linear Regression Models
Tropical Forest
Airborne Survey
Canopy Architecture
Forest Management
Logging (timber)
Population Density
Regression Analysis
Tropical Forest
Acre [brazil]
Issue Date: 2016
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Remote Sensing of Environment
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 187, Pags. 281-293
Abstract: Based on airborne LIDAR data on canopy morphology and height of Amazon forest trees, we developed allometric models to estimate dry biomass stored in the boles of dominant and co-dominant individuals and compared these results with those from equations based on traditional variables such as diameter at breast height (DBH). The database consisted of 142 trees of interest for logging in a forest under management for timber in Brazil's state of Acre. The trees chosen for study were selected through proportional sampling by diameter class (ranging from 45 to 165 cm DBH) in order to properly represent the dominant and co-dominant tree populations with diameters appropriate for harvest. Subsequent to LIDAR profiling of these trees, they were felled, subjected to a battery of dimensional measurements and sampled for wood-density determination. A set of models was generated, followed by model selection and identity testing in order to compare groups of basic wood density (low, medium and high). The morphometric variables of the crown had high explanatory power for bole biomass independent of whether the allometric equations included DBH. When calculating bole biomass with equations that include basic wood density, the best estimate is obtained using variables for both DBH and crown morphology. To obtain an allometric equation that encompasses species in all three classes of basic density, one should either use only independent variables representing crown dimensions or complement these with variables for basic density (BD) and total height (Ht). The study demonstrates the feasibility of using ground-based measurements to calibrate biomass models that include only LIDAR-based variables, allowing much larger areas to be surveyed with reasonable accuracy. The present study is designed to produce data needed for forest management, but the methods developed here can be adapted to studies aimed at reducing the uncertainty in biomass estimates of whole forests (not just harvestable trees) for use in quantifying carbon emissions from forest loss and degradation. © 2016 The Author(s)
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.10.026
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