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Title: What do local people know about amazonian manatees? Traditional ecological knowledge of trichechus inunguis in the oil province of urucu, am, Brazil
Authors: Franzini, André M.
Castelblanco-Martínez, Nataly
Weber Rosas, Fernando Cesar
Silva, Vera Maria Ferreira da
Issue Date: 2013
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Natureza a Conservacao
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 11, Número 1, Pags. 75-80
Abstract: During 2005-2007, a series of interviews were carried out with the riverside populations of the Oil Province of Urucu (AM, Brasil). The main goal of this work was to characterize the knowledge of the inhabitants of this area regarding the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis) (listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List). Interviews were conducted with 74 local inhabitants from 33 communities. Between 2004 and 2007, 20 poached or entangled Amazonian manatees were reported in the area. Poaching with harpoon is the principal cause of mortality, but manatees are also incidentally caught in fishing nets. Interviewers described details of manatee hunting techniques in the area. The trade of manatee meat, although currently forbidden by Brazilian laws, still occurs in the area. Data obtained from the interviews suggest a dietary preference of the manatee for at least 29 species of aquatic and semi-aquatic plants. The interviewed fishermen showed a sound knowledge of Amazonian manatee biology and behavior. This information may be important to assist future conservation plans in the Amazon. © 2013 ABECO.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.4322/natcon.2013.012
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