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Title: Effect of planting system and nicosulfuron doses on soil microbial activity
Other Titles: Efeito Do Sistema De Plantio E Doses Do Nicosulfuron Sobre A Atividade Microbiana Do Solo
Authors: Camelo, Gessimar Nunes
Santos, J. B.
Lázari, T. M.
Oliveira, Taciane Almeida de
Santos, E. A.
Ferreira, Evander Alves
e Pereira, G. A.M.
Keywords: Brachiaria
Zea Mays
Issue Date: 2011
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Planta Daninha
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 29, Número 4, Pags. 829-835
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of atrazine + nicosulfuron on soil microbial activity, under the conventional and no-tillage systems. The experiment was carried out in an area of maize-brachiaria intercropping, where atrazine + nicosulfuron were applied at (1,500 + 10 and 1,500 + 30 g h -1) with a weed-handed area being maintained without prior cultivation and another area without weed control. At flowering, soil samples were collected to determine the rate of CO 2 unfastening, microbial biomass carbon (MBC) and metabolic quotient (qCO 2) using the relation between accumulated CO 2 and MBC. The rate of CO 2 unfastening was lower only in plots without weed control. MBC was higher in the no-tillage system, being negatively affected due to the absence of vegetation. Lower MBC was observed in the weed-handed areas, probably due to the absence of straw. Under no-tillage system conditions, no difference was observed between the soil treatments with herbicide application and those without weed control. It can be concluded that the evaluated microbiological indicators were sensitive to the treatments, showing lower soil disturbance under no-tillage system conditions. However, in crop-livestock integration under the conventional system, the negative herbicide effect increase of nicosulfuron rate.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/S0100-83582011000400013
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