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Title: A large-scale forest fragmentation experiment: The stability of altered forest ecosystems project
Authors: Ewers, Robert M.
Didham, Raphael K.
Fahrig, Lenore
Ferraz, Gonçalo
Hector, Andy
Holt, Robert D.
Kapos, Valerie
Reynolds, Glen
Sinun, Waidi
Snaddon, Jake L.
Turner, Edgar C.
Keywords: Deforestation
Forest Cover
Forest Ecosystem
Habitat Conservation
Habitat Corridor
Habitat Fragmentation
Hierarchical System
East Malaysia
Issue Date: 2011
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 366, Número 1582, Pags. 3292-3302
Abstract: Opportunities to conduct large-scale field experiments are rare, but provide a unique opportunity to reveal the complex processes that operate within natural ecosystems. Here, we review the design of existing, large-scale forest fragmentation experiments. Based on this review, we develop a design for the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems (SAFE) Project, a new forest fragmentation experiment to be located in the lowland tropical forests of Borneo (Sabah,Malaysia). The SAFE Project represents an advance on existing experiments in that it: (i) allows discrimination of the effects of landscape-level forest cover from patch-level processes; (ii) is designed to facilitate the unification of a wide range of data types on ecological patterns and processes that operate over a wide range of spatial scales; (iii) has greater replication than existing experiments; (iv) incorporates an experimental manipulation of riparian corridors; and (v) embeds the experimentally fragmented landscape within a wider gradient of land-use intensity than do existing projects. The SAFE Project represents an opportunity for ecologists across disciplines to participate in a large initiative designed to generate a broad understanding of the ecological impacts of tropical forest modification. © 2011 The Royal Society.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0049
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