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Title: Markets drive the specialization strategies of forest peoples
Authors: Ruíz-Pérez, Manuel
Belcher, Brian
Achdiawan, Ramadhani
Alexiades, Miguel N.
Aubertin, Catherine
Caballero, Javier
Campbell, Bruce M.S.
Clement, Charles Roland
Cunningham, Tony
Fantini, Alfredo Celso
Foresta, Hubert de
Fernández, Carmen García
Gautam, Krishna H.
Hersch-Martínez, Paul
Jong, Wil de
Kusters, Koen
Kutty, M. Govindan
López, Citlalli
Fu, Maoyi
Alfaro, Miguel Angel Martínez
Nair, T. K.Raghavan
Ndoye, Ousseynou
Ocampo, Rafael A.
Rai, Nitin
Ricker, Martin
Schreckenberg, Kate
Shackleton, Sheona E.
Shanley, Patricia
Sunderland, Terry Ch
Yeo-Chang, Youn
Keywords: Market Development
Nontimber Forest Product
Rural Development
Issue Date: 2004
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Ecology and Society
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 9, Número 2
Abstract: Engagement in the market changes the opportunities and strategies of forest-related peoples. Efforts to support rural development need to better understand the potential importance of markets and the way people respond to them. To this end, we compared 61 case studies of the commercial production and trade of nontimber forest products from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The results show that product use is shaped by local markets and institutions, resource abundance, and the relative level of development. Larger regional patterns are also important. High-value products tend to be managed intensively by specialized producers and yield substantially higher incomes than those generated by the less specialized producers of less managed, low-value products. We conclude that commercial trade drives a process of intensified production and household specialization among forest peoples. Copyright © 2004 by the author(s).
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.5751/ES-00655-090204
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