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Title: What happens in the darkness? Seasonal variations in tropical benthic fish assemblages
Authors: Duarte, Cleber
Espírito-Santo, Helder Mateus Viana
Zuanon, Jansen
Py-daniel, Lúcia Rapp
Deus, C. P.
Issue Date: 2020
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Marine and Freshwater Research
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 71, Número 4, Pags. 419-431
Abstract: Studies of fish assemblages have demonstrated that the main channels of rivers contain ichthyofauna adapted to this environment. However, information regarding the effects of temporal and spatial variations on this ichthyofauna is scarce. Using data from benthic fish assemblages in a major tributary of the Amazon basin collected during two consecutive receding and two rising water seasons, we tested the hypothesis that there are marked variations in community composition between the receding and rising water seasons. An asymmetry in predictability was detected among samples from the receding and rising seasons. Predictability in terms of species composition was higher for receding than rising seasons. The continual disassembly and reassembly cycles (due to dispersal) of local communities across a spatially heterogeneous landscape could explain this difference. Depth and dissolved oxygen affected the distribution of some benthic fish species during the rising seasons. This study highlights the important contribution of marginal wetlands to the benthic ichthyofauna inhabiting the main channel of the Purus River, as well as other major Amazonian rivers. © 2020 CSIRO.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1071/MF19038
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