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Title: Freshwater fish diversity hotspots for conservation priorities in the Amazon Basin
Authors: J?z?quel, C?line
Tedesco, Pablo A.
Darwall, William Robert Thomas
Dias, Murilo Sversut
Frederico, Renata Guimarães
Hidalgo, Max H.
Hugueny, Bernard
Maldonado-Ocampo, Javier Alejandro
Martens, Koen M.
Ortega, Hernán
Torrente-Vilara, Gislene
Zuanon, Jansen
Oberdorff, Thierry
Issue Date: 2020
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Conservation Biology
Abstract: Conserving freshwater habitats and their biodiversity in the Amazon Basin is a growing challenge in the face of rapid anthropogenic changes. We used the most comprehensive fish-occurrence database available (2355 valid species; 21,248 sampling points) and 3 ecological criteria (irreplaceability, representativeness, and vulnerability) to identify biodiversity hotspots based on 6 conservation templates (3 proactive, 1 reactive, 1 representative, and 1 balanced) to provide a set of alternative planning solutions for freshwater fish protection in the Amazon Basin. We identified empirically for each template the 17% of sub-basins that should be conserved and performed a prioritization analysis by identifying current and future (2050) threats (i.e., degree of deforestation and habitat fragmentation by dams). Two of our 3 proactive templates had around 65% of their surface covered by protected areas; high levels of irreplaceability (60% of endemics) and representativeness (71% of the Amazonian fish fauna); and low current and future vulnerability. These 2 templates, then, seemed more robust for conservation prioritization. The future of the selected sub-basins in these 2 proactive templates is not immediately threatened by human activities, and these sub-basins host the largest part of Amazonian biodiversity. They could easily be conserved if no additional threats occur between now and 2050. © 2020 Society for Conservation Biology
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/cobi.13466
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