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Title: Bird assemblages on Amazonian river islands: Patterns of species diversity and composition
Authors: Borges, Sérgio Henrique
Baccaro, Fabricio Beggiato
Moreira, Marcelo P.
Choueri, Érik Lacerda
Keywords: Abundance Estimation
Anthropogenic Effect
Dam Construction
Habitat Structure
Island Biogeography
Species Diversity
World Wide Web
Rio Negro [south America]
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biotropica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 51, Número 6, Pags. 903-912
Abstract: The principles of island biogeography are rarely applied to the animal assemblages of Amazonian river islands. Here, we compare bird assemblages of Amazonian river islands with a variety of mainland habitats. We also examine how bird species diversity and composition are related to island physical attributes. Birds were sampled with mist nets and qualitative censuses on 11 river islands and 24 mainland sites on the lower reaches of the Rio Negro in the Brazilian Amazon. Island bird assemblages were characterized by lower species richness and a higher abundance of a few dominant species. Additionally, the species composition of the islands was distinct from that of the mainland, including the nearby floodplain habitats. The number of bird species increased with island size and habitat diversity, and decreased with degree of isolation. In addition, small islands tended to harbor an impoverished subset of the species present on larger ones. Bird species diversity and composition on Amazonian river islands are likely influenced by the ecological succession and historical events affecting island formation. Considering their small total area across the Amazon basin, these insular fluvial communities could be disproportionately threatened by river channel disturbances related to climate change or hydroelectric dam development. Abstract in Portughese is available with online material. © 2019 The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/btp.12716
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