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Title: Does water type influence diet composition in Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis)? A case study comparing black and clearwater rivers
Authors: Crema, Luciana Carvalho
Silva, Vera Maria Ferreira da
Botta, Silvina
Trumbore, Susan Elizabeth
Piedade, Maria Teresa Fernandez
Keywords: Aquatic Organism
C3 Plant
C4 Plant
Carbon Isotope
Feeding Behavior
Marine Mammal
Nitrogen Isotope
Stable Isotope
Tapajos River
Trichechus Inunguis
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Hydrobiologia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 835, Número 1
Abstract: We assessed the feeding habits of the Amazonian manatee inhabiting blackwater (Negro River) and clearwater (Tapajós River) igapós (floodplains) using δ13C and δ15N of dentin and bone collagen from different ontogenetic classes (nursing calves, juveniles, and adults). Within an individual, the dentine δ13C and δ15N values did not vary with tooth position. Bones were more depleted in 13C and 15N compared to teeth, and the δ13C and δ15N in bone differed among classes. Food sources had δ13C values typical of algae, plants of C3 or C4 photosynthetic pathways. Mixing models showed that lactating females (inferred by isotopic values from nursing calves) had higher proportional consumption of C4 plants, while, for other adults, C3 plants were more frequent in the diet of manatees from both rivers. Juveniles had a mixed diet of C3 pants and C4 plants. We hypothesize the C4 plants signal of calves results from female movements to the floodplains of nearby whitewater rivers (várzeas), where C4 plants are abundant. Individuals from Tapajós may be more resident, as C3 plants and C4 plants are available during the flood pulse. Results demonstrate that manatee diets vary with ontogenetic classes and water typology. Preservation of habitats (igapó/várzea) is therefore required for the survival of Amazonian manatees. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10750-019-3900-4
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