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Title: Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time
Authors: Poorter, L.
Rozendaal, Danaë M.A.
Bongers, Frans
Almeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S. de
Almeyda Zambrano, Angélica M.
Álvarez, Francisco S.
Andrade, José Luis
Villa, Luis Felipe Arreola
Balvanera, Patricia
Becknell, Justin M.
Bentos, Tony V.
Bhaskar, Radika
Boukili, Vanessa K.S.
Brancalion, Pedro Henrique Santin
Broadbent, Eben N.
César, Ricardo Gomes
Chave, Jérôme
Chazdon, Robin L.
Colletta, Gabriel Dalla
Craven, Dylan
Jong, Ben H.J. de
Denslow, Julie Sloan
Dent, Daisy H.
DeWalt, Saara J.
García, Elisa Díaz
Dupuy, Juan Manuel
Durán, Sandra Milena
Espírito-Santo, Mário M.
Fandiño, María C.
Fernandes, G. Wilson
Finegan, Bryan
Moser, Vanessa Granda
Hall, Jefferson Scott
Hernández-Stefanoni, José Luis
Jakovac, Catarina Conte
Junqueira, André Braga
Kennard, Deborah K.
Lebrija-Trejos, Edwin E.
Letcher, Susan G.
Lohbeck, Madelon
Lopez, Omar R.
Marín-Spiotta, Erika
Martínez-Ramos, Miguel
Martins, Sebastiäo Venâncio
Massoca, Paulo E.S.
Meave, Jorge A.
Mesquita, Rita de Cássia Guimarães
Mora, Francisco
Moreno, Vanessa de Souza
Müller, Sandra C.
Muñoz, Rodrigo
Muscarella, Robert A.
Oliveira Neto, Sílvio Nolasco de
Nunes, Yule Roberta Ferreira
Ochoa-Gaona, Susana
Paz, Horacio
Pena-Claros, Marielos
Piotto, Daniel
Ruíz, Jorge
Sanaphre-Villanueva, Lucía
Sanchez-Azofeifa, A.
Schwartz, Naomi B.
Steininger, Marc K.
Thomas, William Wayt
Toledo, Marisol
Uríarte, Ma?ia
Utrera, Luis P.
Van Breugel, Michiel
van der Sande, Masha T.
van der Wal, Hans
Veloso, Maria das Dores Magalhães
Vester, Henricus Franciscus Maria
Guimarães Vieira, Ima Cèlia
Villa, Pedro Manuel
Williamson, G. Bruce
Wright, Stuart Joseph
Zanini, Kátia Janaina
Zimmerman, Jess K.
Westoby, Mark
Keywords: Ecology
Tropic Climate
Tropical Climate
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Nature Ecology and Evolution
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 3, Número 6, Pags. 928-934
Abstract: Tropical forests are converted at an alarming rate for agricultural use and pastureland, but also regrow naturally through secondary succession. For successful forest restoration, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of secondary succession. These mechanisms may vary across forest types, but analyses across broad spatial scales are lacking. Here, we analyse forest recovery using 1,403 plots that differ in age since agricultural abandonment from 50 sites across the Neotropics. We analyse changes in community composition using species-specific stem wood density (WD), which is a key trait for plant growth, survival and forest carbon storage. In wet forest, succession proceeds from low towards high community WD (acquisitive towards conservative trait values), in line with standard successional theory. However, in dry forest, succession proceeds from high towards low community WD (conservative towards acquisitive trait values), probably because high WD reflects drought tolerance in harsh early successional environments. Dry season intensity drives WD recovery by influencing the start and trajectory of succession, resulting in convergence of the community WD over time as vegetation cover builds up. These ecological insights can be used to improve species selection for reforestation. Reforestation species selected to establish a first protective canopy layer should, among other criteria, ideally have a similar WD to the early successional communities that dominate under the prevailing macroclimatic conditions. © 2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-0882-6
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