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Title: Effects of two different La Niña types on the South American rainfall
Authors: Andreoli, Rita Valéria
Kayano, Mary Toshie
Viegas, Juarez
Oliveira, Suzana Soares de
Souza, Rodrigo Augusto Ferreira de
Garcia, Sâmia Regina
Rego, Willy Hagi Teles
Oliveira, Maria Betânia Leal de
Keywords: Precipitation (chemical)
Surface Waters
Atmospheric Circulation Patterns
Circulation Patterns
Climate Monitoring
Northeastern Brazil
Precipitation Anomalies
Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies
South America
Tropical Atlantic
Air-sea Interaction
Atmospheric Circulation
Climate Effect
La Nina
Precipitation (climatology)
Sea Surface Temperature
Temperature Anomaly
Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean (south)
Atlantic Ocean (tropical)
Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean (tropical)
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: International Journal of Climatology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 39, Número 3, Pags. 1415-1428
Abstract: The paper tests if the two La Niña (LN) types can be distinguished from each other using their climate impacts on northeastern Brazil (NEB). To this end, all LN events during the 1901–2010 period followed by a wet or dry rainy season (from February to April) in NEB are classified into two categories: WET-LN and DRY-LN. The global and regional anomalous atmospheric circulation patterns and the rainfall anomaly patterns in South America associated with the two cases are analysed. The WET-LN and DRY-LN events present, respectively, the eastern Pacific LN and central Pacific LN sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly features in the tropical Pacific. On the other hand, the WET-LN features an interhemispheric SST dipole pattern in the tropical Atlantic, and the DRY-LN, colder-than-normal surface waters in the tropical South Atlantic (TSA) and equatorial Atlantic during MAM(+1). The two analysed cases show regional differential circulation patterns in all seasons. The anomalous wetness over northern and northwestern South America occurs for the WET-LN type during JJA(0)–DJF(+1) and for the DRY-LN type, during DJF(+1)–MAM(+1). The anomalous dryness over SESA is more evident for the WET-LN during JJA(0) and MAM(+1), and for the DRY-LN, during SON(0). Anomalous dryness occurs in central and eastern South America noted during JJA(0) and DJF(+1) for both cases analysed. The precipitation anomalies in northern South America during DJF(+1) are stronger and more extensive for the DRY-LN than for the WET-LN events due to the action of both the anomalous (double) Walker and Hadley cells for the DRY-LN, in contrast with the exclusive action of an anomalous Walker cell for the WET-LN case. Also, a double Walker cell drives the dry–wet dipole between northern South America and NEB during MAM(+1) for the DRY-LN. Our results might be useful mainly for climate monitoring purposes. © 2018 Royal Meteorological Society
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1002/joc.5891
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