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Title: Local dynamic variation of lianas along topography maintains unchanging abundance at the landscape scale in central Amazonia
Authors: Gerolamo, Caian Souza
Nogueira, Anselmo
Costa, Flávia Regina Capellotto
Castilho, Carolina Volkmer de
Angyalossy, Veronica
Keywords: Aboveground Biomass
Neotropical Region
Old-growth Forest
Olivine Group
Population Density
Recruitment (population Dynamics)
Soil Fertility
Tropical Region
Water Table
Ducke Reserve
Issue Date: 2018
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Vegetation Science
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 29, Número 4, Pags. 651-661
Abstract: Question: Have liana density and biomass increased in central Amazonia over the last 10 years? Can a spatially explicit consideration of liana mortality and recruitment rates across hydro-edaphic and tree turnover gradients at the landscape scale explain changes in liana density and biomass?. Location: Ducke Forest Reserve, 26 km north of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Methods: Data were collected on 30–1 ha permanent plots in a central Amazonia undisturbed old-growth rain forest 10 years after the first census. We measured lianas at 1.3 cm above their rooting point, with a diameter (D) ≥ 5 cm and subsampled lianas ≥1 cm diameter in 0.25 ha per plot. We estimated above-ground density and biomass changes, mortality rate, recruitment and diameter increase. Soil cations and available P were reduced to two dimensions with PCA and the first axis used as the descriptor of soil fertility. Height above the nearest drainage, a proxy for water availability, tree turnover (D ≥ 10 cm) and soil fertility were used as predictors of liana dynamics. Results: No significant change in liana density and biomass, averaged over the 30-km2 landscape, was observed over the last 10 years. In 2014, liana density was generally higher in more fertile soils, and it increased in areas closer to the water table and with higher tree turnover in the valleys. This pattern resulted from the higher liana recruitment rates in valley plots closer to the water table. Liana mortality rates were uniform across plots, similar among the diameter classes and, on average, higher than recruitment. Conclusion: We did not find any evidence that liana density and biomass have been increasing in this Neotropical site over the last 10 years. These findings suggest that the current knowledge on liana increase trends in the Neotropics should be reviewed if supported by further tropical studies. © 2018 International Association for Vegetation Science
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/jvs.12644
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