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Title: Environmental filters predict the trait composition of fish communities in reservoir cascades
Authors: dos Santos, Natália Carneiro Lacerda
Santana, Herick Soares de
Ortega, Jean C.G.
Dias, Rosa Maria
Stegmann, Lis Fernandes
Silva Araújo, Isabela Maria da
Severi, William
Bini, Luis Mauricio
Gomes, Luiz Carlos
Agostinho, A. A.
Keywords: Abundance
Data Set
Freshwater Ecosystem
Hydrological Change
Hypothesis Testing
Migratory Species
Multivariate Analysis
Residence Time
Issue Date: 2017
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Hydrobiologia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 802, Número 1, Pags. 245-253
Abstract: Dam construction alters flow regimes and can change the composition of aquatic communities. Using data from three Brazilian hydrographic basins, we tested the hypothesis that reservoir cascades act as environmental filters for fish traits. This dataset included information on different environmental variables and fish traits (diet, migration, fecundation, parental care, position in the water column, and body size), and we used multivariate analysis (partial RLQ) to quantify the relationships between environmental variables, species abundance and traits. We found that the abundance of migratory species declined towards downstream reservoirs, which tend to be smaller and less turbid with a shorter water residence time than upstream reservoirs. We also found evidence of an association between reservoir age and the domination of fish communities by small-sized species with parental care, external fecundation, and benthic habits. Our findings suggest that particular fish traits are selected for across reservoir cascades. © 2017, Springer International Publishing AG.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10750-017-3274-4
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