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Title: Phylogeography and population dynamics of Antbirds (Thamnophilidae) from Amazonian fluvial islands
Authors: Choueri, Érik Lacerda
Gubili, Chrysoula
Borges, Sérgio Henrique
Thom, Gregory
Sawakuchi, André Oliveira
Soares, Emílio Alberto Amaral
Ribas, Camila Cherem
Keywords: Avifauna
Demographic History
Gene Flow
Genetic Marker
Genetic Variation
Intraspecific Variation
Island Biogeography
Dna, Mitochondrial
Population Dynamics
Population Structure
Amazon Basin
Anavilhanas Archipelago
Rio Negro Basin
Sao Paulo [brazil]
Solimoes Basin
Hypocnemoides Melanopogon
Myrmoborus Lugubris
Myrmotherula Assimilis
Thamnophilus Nigrocinereus
Issue Date: 2017
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Biogeography
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 44, Número 10, Pags. 2284-2294
Abstract: Aim: To investigate the evolution of the avifauna associated to Amazonian fluvial islands, focusing on the Negro River archipelagos. Locations: Fluvial islands in the Amazon Basin. Methods: One generalist floodplain species (Hypocnemoides melanopogon) and three river island specialists (Myrmotherula assimilis, Myrmoborus lugubris and Thamnophilus nigrocinereus) were studied (Thamnophilidae). We sequenced two mitochondrial genes and genotyped eight microsatellite loci. Phylogenetic relationships among intraspecific lineages and divergence times were estimated using Bayesian Inference. Haplotype networks, AMOVA (analysis of molecular variance) and Mantel tests were used to verify the spatial organization of genetic diversity. Gene flow and population structure were evaluated using a dissimilarity index, Bayesian inference and allele frequencies. Historical demography was inferred through neutrality tests and Extended Bayesian skyline plots (EBSP). Results: River island specialists have evolved distinct lineages in different Amazonian tributaries, but exhibit very weak population structure within the Negro river basin. The generalist floodplain species had no population structure along the Amazon basin or within the Negro river basin. Signals of weak and recent (Pleistocene) population expansion were recovered for all species. Main conclusions: River islands specialists show stronger population structure within Amazonia than floodplain generalists. They show a common spatial and temporal pattern of divergence between populations from the Negro islands and western Amazonia (upper and middle Solimões), which may be related to Amazonian drainage evolution. Island specialists had low genetic diversity within the Negro basin, while the higher and unstructured diversity pattern found in the floodplain generalist species may be a consequence of higher dispersal caused by the seasonal flooding pulse. River islands populations have a recent and dynamic history of contact and isolation, with small historical fluctuations of population sizes, which is in sharp contrast with the patterns found in upland forest birds. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/jbi.13042
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