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Title: How do seasonality, substrate, and management history influence macrofungal fruiting assemblages in a central Amazonian Forest?
Authors: Komura, Dirce Leimi
Moncalvo, Jean Marc
Sales Dambros, Cristian de
Bento, Larissa S.
Neves, Maria Alice
Zartman, Charles Eugene
Keywords: Biomass
Community Structure
Forest Management
Leaf Litter
Soil Biota
Spatio-temporal Analysis
Species Richness
Tropical Forest
Issue Date: 2017
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biotropica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 49, Número 5, Pags. 643-652
Abstract: Worldwide, fungal richness peaks in tropical forest biomes where they are the primary drivers of decomposition. Understanding how environmental and anthropogenic factors influence tropical macrofungal fruiting patterns should provide insight as to how, for example, climate change and deforestation may impact their long-term demographic stability and evolutionary potential. However, in Amazonia no studies have yet to disentangle the effects of substrate, seasonality and forest history on phenology. Here, we quantitate spatial and temporal variation in community structure of fruiting macrofungi in relation to these factors at a long-term forest management research site in central Amazonia: the Biomass and Nutrients of Tropical Rain Forest (BIONTE's). Basidiome surveys of four substrate classes (leaves, soil, branches and trunks) were conducted along 250 m2 transects in primary and secondary (managed) forests, between 2012–13. From the 669 basidiomes collected, 290 taxa were identified of which 44 percent were restricted to primary and 36 percent to secondary forests. Although species-accumulation curves did not asymptote, rarefaction analyses and Fisher's alpha indicate contrasting differences in richness among forests in relation to substrate type. For example, leaf litter basidiome richness was higher in secondary forests, whereas the contrary was observed for soil communities, suggesting that variation in fruiting patterns in relation to disturbance is substrate-dependent possibly due to differences in necromass quality and/or understory micro-climates. Furthermore, secondary forests harbored significantly lower basidiome richness and abundance in dry months, suggesting synergistic impacts of seasonality and management history on fruiting regimes. © 2017 The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/btp.12438
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