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Title: Are fluvial islands “real” islands for arboreal mammals? Uncovering the effect of patch size under the species–area relationship
Authors: Rabelo, Rafael M.
Bicca-Marques, Júlio César
Aragón, Susan
Nelson, Bruce Walker
Keywords: Arboreal Species
Floodplain Forest
Hypothesis Testing
Island Biogeography
Line Transect
Patch Dynamics
Patch Size
Species Richness
Species-area Relationship
Solimoes River
Issue Date: 2017
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Biogeography
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 44, Número 8, Pags. 1802-1812
Abstract: Aim: We tested the “habitat amount hypothesis”, which predicts that the effect of patch size on number of species results from a “sample area effect” rather than an “island effect”. Specifically, we (1) compared parameters of the species–area relationship (SAR) of arboreal mammals in forested fluvial islands and continuous forest, and (2) separated the effects of island size and of landscape-scale habitat amount on species richness. Location: Middle-Solimões River region, Central Amazon. Methods: We surveyed arboreal mammals along line-transects on 15 fluvial floodplain islands and nine transects in continuous floodplain forest. Transect length varied according to island size. Transects of similar length were established in continuous forest. We used power transformed (log-log) models to construct a SAR for the set of island transects and another SAR for the set of continuous forest transects. We compared slope and intercept between the two SARs using ANCOVA. We used multiple regressions to separate the effects of island size and of habitat amount on the rarefied number of species across multiple spatial scales (500–6,000 m). Results: The two species–area curves showed similar slopes, but the intercept was lower for islands. Multiple regressions showed the best fit at the 5,500 m spatial scale. At this scale, habitat amount predicted species richness, whereas island size did not. Main conclusions: We conclude that the apparent effect of patch size on the number of species may be simply due to the sample area effect and that no island effect operates on this patchy system. Accordingly, island size per se does not increase the number of species at a sample site. Fluvial islands should not be treated as “real” islands from the island biogeography perspective. In sum, we found support for the habitat amount hypothesis for predicting the richness of arboreal mammals on fluvial islands. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/jbi.13034
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