Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Responses of soil extracellular enzyme activities to experimental warming and CO2 enrichment at the alpine treeline
Authors: Souza, Rômulo C.
Solly, Emily F.
Dawes, Melissa Autumn
Graf, Frank
Hagedorn, Frank
Egli, Simon
Clement, Charles Roland
Nagy, László
Rixen, Christian
Peter, Martina
Keywords: Alpine Environment
Carbon Dioxide
Climate Change
Coniferous Tree
Enzyme Activity
Fine Root
Global Change
High Temperature
Nutrient Cycling
Larix Decidua
Pinus Uncinata
Issue Date: 2017
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Plant and Soil
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 416, Número 1-2, Pags. 527-537
Abstract: Background and aims: Climate warming and elevated CO2 can modify nutrient cycling mediated by enzymes in soils, especially in cold-limited ecosystems with a low availability of nutrients and a high temperature sensitivity of decomposition and mineralization. Methods: We estimated responses of soil extracellular enzyme activities (EEAs) to 6 years of soil warming and 9 years of CO2 enrichment at an Alpine treeline site. EEAs were measured in the litter (L), fermentation (F) and humified (H) horizons under Larix decidua and Pinus uncinata trees. Results: Soil warming indirectly affected EEAs through altered soil moisture, fine root biomass, and C:N ratio of the organic horizons. Warming increased β-glucosidase and β-xylosidase activities in the F horizon but led to reduced laccase activity in the L horizon, probably caused by drying of the litter horizon associated with the treatment. In the H horizon, previous CO2 enrichment altered the activity of leucine amino peptidase, N-acetylglucosaminidase, and phosphatase. No interactive effects between warming and CO2 enrichment were detected. Warming affected the temperature sensitivity of β-xylosidase but not of the other enzymes. Conclusions: Altered EEAs after six years of soil warming indicate a sustained stimulation of carbon, nitrogen and nutrient cycling under climatic warming at the alpine treeline. © 2017, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s11104-017-3235-8
Appears in Collections:Artigos

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.