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|Title:||Responses of soil extracellular enzyme activities to experimental warming and CO2 enrichment at the alpine treeline|
|Authors:||Souza, Rômulo C.|
Solly, Emily F.
Dawes, Melissa Autumn
Clement, Charles Roland
|metadata.dc.publisher.journal:||Plant and Soil|
|metadata.dc.relation.ispartof:||Volume 416, Número 1-2, Pags. 527-537|
|Abstract:||Background and aims: Climate warming and elevated CO2 can modify nutrient cycling mediated by enzymes in soils, especially in cold-limited ecosystems with a low availability of nutrients and a high temperature sensitivity of decomposition and mineralization. Methods: We estimated responses of soil extracellular enzyme activities (EEAs) to 6 years of soil warming and 9 years of CO2 enrichment at an Alpine treeline site. EEAs were measured in the litter (L), fermentation (F) and humified (H) horizons under Larix decidua and Pinus uncinata trees. Results: Soil warming indirectly affected EEAs through altered soil moisture, fine root biomass, and C:N ratio of the organic horizons. Warming increased β-glucosidase and β-xylosidase activities in the F horizon but led to reduced laccase activity in the L horizon, probably caused by drying of the litter horizon associated with the treatment. In the H horizon, previous CO2 enrichment altered the activity of leucine amino peptidase, N-acetylglucosaminidase, and phosphatase. No interactive effects between warming and CO2 enrichment were detected. Warming affected the temperature sensitivity of β-xylosidase but not of the other enzymes. Conclusions: Altered EEAs after six years of soil warming indicate a sustained stimulation of carbon, nitrogen and nutrient cycling under climatic warming at the alpine treeline. © 2017, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos|
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