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Title: Acclimation to hypercarbia protects cardiac contractility and alters tissue carbohydrate metabolism in the Amazonian armored catfish Pterygoplichthys pardalis
Authors: MacCormack, Tyson James
Robinson, Jason Lorne
Val, Vera Maria Fonseca Almeida e
Val, Adalberto Luis
Driedzic, William Robert
Keywords: Abnormality
Carbon Dioxide
Cardiovascular System
Cells And Cell Components
Liposarcus Pardalis
Issue Date: 2017
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Hydrobiologia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 789, Número 1, Pags. 91-106
Abstract: The armored catfish Pterygoplichthys pardalis tolerates environmental hypercarbia, high partial pressures of CO2 (PCO2), by preferentially protecting intracellular pH (pHi) in the face of extracellular acidosis. This response is associated with ionic changes which may disrupt contractility in cardiac muscle, and it is not known whether acclimation to hypercarbia provides protection against these changes. We studied the influence of different PCO2 acclimation histories on cardiac muscle function using isometrically contracting ventricular strip preparations. Fish were held for >4 months at 21 mmHg PCO2 and then exposed to normocarbia (6 mmHg PCO2) for either 15 h or 5–6 days. Acclimation to chronic hypercarbia eliminated the negative inotropic effects of in vitro hypercarbia, decreased extracellular Ca2+ sensitivity, and reduced maximum pacing frequency in ventricular strip preparations. Fish acclimated to chronic hypercarbia also exhibited hepatic glycogen and plasma glucose accumulation, and lower plasma lactate levels compared to fish acclimated to normocarbia for 5–6 days. We suggest chronic hypercarbia may induce cardiac remodeling to protect contractility and reduce the energetic demands of pHi regulation. The activation of HCO3 − synthesis pathways may decrease glucose utilization and enhance carbohydrate stores, potentially providing protection against hypoxia, a stressor frequently encountered in conjunction with hypercarbia in the Amazon. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10750-015-2496-6
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