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Title: A new multiple sex chromosome system X1X1X2X2/X1Y1X2Y2 in Siluriformes: cytogenetic characterization of Bunocephalus coracoideus (Aspredinidae)
Authors: Ferreira, Milena
Garcia, Caroline
Matoso, D. A.
Jesus, Isac Silva de
Feldberg, Eliana
Keywords: Heterochromatin
Rna 18s
Rna 5s
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
Sex Chromosome
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
Rna, Ribosomal, 18s
Rna, Ribosomal, 5s
Sex Chromosomes
Issue Date: 2016
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Genetica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 144, Número 5, Pags. 591-599
Abstract: We analyzed one Bunocephalus coracoideus population from the Negro River basin using cytogenetic techniques. The results showed a diploid number of 42 chromosomes in both sexes, with the karyotypic formula 4m + 14sm + 24a and fundamental number (FN) = 60 for females and the formula 5m + 14sm + 23a and FN = 61 for males, constituting an X1X1X2X2/X1Y1X2Y2 multiple sex chromosome system. The constitutive heterochromatin is distributed in the pericentromeric regions of most of the chromosomes, except for the sex chromosomes, of which the X1, X2, and Y1 chromosomes were euchromatic and the Y2 chromosome was partially heterochromatic. 18S rDNA mapping confirmed the presence of nucleolar organizer regions on the short arms of the fifth chromosomal pair for both sexes. The 5S rDNA is present in the terminal regions of the short arms on the 2nd, 10th, and 12th pairs and on the X2 chromosome of both sexes; however, we observed variations in the presence of these ribosomal cistrons on the Y1 chromosome, on which the cistrons are pericentromeric, and on the Y2 chromosome, on which these cistrons are present in the terminal portions of the short and long arms. Telomeric sequences are located in the terminal regions of all of the chromosomes, particularly conspicuous blocks on the 10th and 12th pairs and internal telomeric sequences in the centromeric regions of the 1st, 6th, and 9th pairs for both sexes. This work describes an new sex chromosomes system for the Siluriformes and increases our genetic knowledge of the Aspredinidae family. © 2016, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10709-016-9927-9
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