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Title: Predation on eggs of Schneider’s dwarf caiman, Paleosuchus trigonatus (Schneider, 1807), by armadillos and other predators
Authors: Campos, Zilca M.S.
Muniz, Fábio L.
Desbiez, Arnaud Léonard Jean
Magnusson, William Ernest
Keywords: Crocodilian
Defense Behavior
Egg Predation
Female Behavior
Nest Site
Parental Care
Trap (equipment)
Xingu River
Cabassous Unicinctus
Dasypus Novemcinctus
Eira Barbara
Paleosuchus Palpebrosus
Paleosuchus Trigonatus
Priodontes Maximus
Tupinambis Teguixin
Issue Date: 2016
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Natural History
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 50, Número 25-26, Pags. 1543-1548
Abstract: ABSTRACT: Nests of Schneider’s dwarf caiman, Paleosuchus trigonatus, were located in the forests around three streams that drain into the Xingu River, Brazilian Amazonia, in October 2014. Camera traps were installed at the edge of four nests to document predators and female parental care. At two nests, females unsuccessfully defended their nests against one or more giant armadillos, Priodontes maximus, and nine-banded armadillos, Dasypus novemcinctus. Both armadillo species responded to the attack by fleeing and returning on the opposite side of the nest by going around the tree under which the nest was located. Giant armadillos have never before been recorded consuming caiman eggs and their diet has been described as consisting mostly of ants and termites. Another species of armadillo, Cabassous unicinctus, was also registered digging into a nest and probably consuming eggs, though it is generally considered to be primarily insectivorous. A tayra (Eira barbara), lizard (Tupinambis teguixin) and coati (Nasua nasua) were also registered taking eggs from nests during the day, but we obtained no registers of nest defence by caimans during the day. The three nests were attacked after 60 days of incubation, when the eggs were well developed. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1080/00222933.2016.1155782
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