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Title: Cytogenetic Diversity and the Evolutionary Dynamics of rDNA Genes and Telomeric Sequences in the Ancistrus Genus (Loricariidae: Ancistrini)
Authors: Favarato, Ramon Marin
Silva, M. R. da
Oliveira, Renildo Ribeiro de
Artoni, Roberto Ferreira
Feldberg, Eliana
Matoso, D. A.
Keywords: Rna 18s
Rna 5s
Evolution, Molecular
Evolution, Molecular
Rna, Ribosomal, 18s
Rna, Ribosomal, 5s
Issue Date: 2016
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Zebrafish
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 13, Número 2, Pags. 103-111
Abstract: The Ancistrus genus differs from other Ancistrini due to its wide karyotypic diversity, varied diploid numbers, differences in sex chromosomes, and large number of species, as well as its tendency to form small populations with low vagility. This study investigated the role of 5S and 18S rDNA and telomeric repetitive sequences in the evolution of the karyotypic macrostructure of seven species of the genus Ancistrus from the Central Amazon. The results indicate a strong correlation between the location of ribosomal sites and fragile sites in the genome, particularly of 5S rDNA sequences, which are associated, in some species, with telomeric sequences at the sites of chromosomal healing. Moreover, the occurrence of two lineages was observed with regard to the synteny of ribosomal genes. The species of the genus Ancistrus showed high chromosomal lability associated with breakpoints, which was characterized by the presence of repetitive DNA sequences and this process is suggested to be an evolutionary model for the rapid fixation of structural rearrangements. © Copyright 2016, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1089/zeb.2015.1140
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