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Title: Biomass resilience of Neotropical secondary forests
Authors: Poorter, L.
Bongers, Frans
Aide, T. Mitchell
Almeyda Zambrano, Angélica M.
Balvanera, Patricia
Becknell, Justin M.
Boukili, Vanessa K.S.
Brancalion, Pedro Henrique Santin
Broadbent, Eben N.
Chazdon, Robin L.
Craven, Dylan
Almeida-Cortez, J. S.
Cabral, George A.L.
Jong, Ben H.J. de
Denslow, Julie Sloan
Dent, Daisy H.
DeWalt, Saara J.
Dupuy, Juan Manuel
Durán, Sandra Milena
Espírito-Santo, Mário M.
Fandiño, María C.
César, Ricardo Gomes
Hall, Jefferson Scott
Hernández-Stefanoni, José Luis
Jakovac, Catarina Conte
Junqueira, André Braga
Kennard, Deborah K.
Letcher, Susan G.
Licona, Juan Carlos
Lohbeck, Madelon
Marín-Spiotta, Erika
Martínez-Ramos, Miguel
Massoca, Paulo E.S.
Meave, Jorge A.
Mesquita, R.
Mora, Francisco
Muñoz, Rodrigo
Muscarella, Robert A.
Nunes, Yule Roberta Ferreira
Ochoa-Gaona, Susana
Oliveira, Alexandre Adalardo de
Orihuela-Belmonte, Edith
Pena-Claros, Marielos
Pérez-García, Eduardo A.
Piotto, Daniel
Powers, Jennifer Sarah
Rodríguez-Velázquez, Jorge Enrique
Romero-Pérez, Isabel Eunice
Ruíz, Jorge
Saldarriaga, Juan Guillermo
Sanchez-Azofeifa, A.
Schwartz, Naomi B.
Steininger, Marc K.
Swenson, Nathan G.
Toledo, Marisol
Uríarte, Ma?ia
Van Breugel, Michiel
van der Wal, Hans
Veloso, Maria das Dores Magalhães
Vester, Henricus Franciscus Maria
Vicentini, Alberto
Guimarães Vieira, Ima Cèlia
Bentos, Tony Vizcarra
Williamson, G. Bruce
Rozendaal, Danaë M.A.
Keywords: Carbon
Aboveground Biomass
Carbon Sequestration
Climate Variation
Ecosystem Resilience
Land-use Change
Neotropic Ecozone
Secondary Forest
Secondary Succession
Carbon Cycle
Cation Exchange
Land Use
Priority Journal
Water Availability
Carbon Sequestration
Growth, Development And Aging
South And Central America
Tropic Climate
Latin America
Carbon Cycle
Carbon Sequestration
Latin America
Time Factors
Tropical Climate
Issue Date: 2016
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Nature
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 530, Número 7589, Pags. 211-214
Abstract: Land-use change occurs nowhere more rapidly than in the tropics, where the imbalance between deforestation and forest regrowth has large consequences for the global carbon cycle. However, considerable uncertainty remains about the rate of biomass recovery in secondary forests, and how these rates are influenced by climate, landscape, and prior land use. Here we analyse aboveground biomass recovery during secondary succession in 45 forest sites and about 1,500 forest plots covering the major environmental gradients in the Neotropics. The studied secondary forests are highly productive and resilient. Aboveground biomass recovery after 20 years was on average 122 megagrams per hectare (Mg ha-1), corresponding to a net carbon uptake of 3.05 Mg C ha 1 yr-1, 11 times the uptake rate of old-growth forests. Aboveground biomass stocks took a median time of 66 years to recover to 90% of old-growth values. Aboveground biomass recovery after 20 years varied 11.3-fold (from 20 to 225 Mg ha-1) across sites, and this recovery increased with water availability (higher local rainfall and lower climatic water deficit). We present a biomass recovery map of Latin America, which illustrates geographical and climatic variation in carbon sequestration potential during forest regrowth. The map will support policies to minimize forest loss in areas where biomass resilience is naturally low (such as seasonally dry forest regions) and promote forest regeneration and restoration in humid tropical lowland areas with high biomass resilience. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1038/nature16512
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